GSU POLS 1101 - POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 1 Study Guide (17 pages)

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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 1 Study Guide



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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
17
School:
Georgia State University
Course:
Pols 1101 - American Government
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POLS 1101 American Government Fall 2017 Professor M Evans Study Guide for Exam 1 Chapter 1 What are Governments and What do They Do According to the textbook what are the defining features of government o A set of institutions that endures over time has authority over the people of a specific territory authoritatively makes and enforces laws Make sure to know the basic definitions of these types of governing institutions legislature executive branch bureaucratic agencies judicial branch and courts o Legislature makes laws o Executive puts laws into effect Bureaucratic agencies organizational units within the executive branch are responsible for implementing public polices or serves o Judicial consists of courts of law Courts resolve legal disputes and guide and limits the executive branch and implementation of law What is the name of the legislature of the government of the State of Georgia o Georgia General Assembly What is the name of the legislature of the federal government of the United States o Congress What are the names of the two chambers of the legislature of the government of the State of Georgia o The House and the Senate What are the names of the two chambers of the legislature of the federal government of the United States o The House and the Senate Make sure to know the definitions for these two distinctive features of the American form of government federalism and separation of powers o Federalism Authority is partly divided and partly shared between the federal government and the state government o Separation of powers Legislative executive and judicial powers are exercised by three spate branches of government Make sure to know and understand the definition of these concepts provided by the textbook o Authority as in A having authority over B A has an authority over B to the extent that A has a right to issue commands to B and to expect B to obey those commands o Legitimate claim to authority Rightful or justified claim to have authority over another o Power as in A having power over B A has power over B to the extent that A can get B to do what B would not otherwise do How are the following three kinds of laws different from one another ordinances statutes regulations o Ordinances Made by city legislature o Statutes Made by Congress of state legislature o Regulations Rules made by bureaucratic agencies that have the force of a law Why according to the textbook is Max Weber s definition of government as that which has a monopoly over the legitimate use of force over a territory misleading o It does NOT include the legislative and judicial functions performed by government o Monopoly does NOT line up with federalism What does it mean to be sovereign Whom or what is considered to be sovereign in the United States o Sovereignty The highest authority to rule over a territory o The people of the government Make sure to know and understand the various ways governments exercise power over people And make sure to understand how the following concepts relate to the government s use of power over people positive incentives negative incentives carrots sticks power of the sword and the power of the purse o Positive incentives Something that motivates behavior by instilling the hope of enjoying a benefit if a action is taken o Negative incentives Something that motivates behavior by instilling the fear of suffering a burden if a action is taken o Carrots Positive incentive o Sticks Negative incentive o Power of the sword Ability to influence behavior by using physical force through the police or military o Power of the purse Influence behavior through taxing and or spending as a positive or negative incentive What do the power of the sword and the power of the purse have to do with the separation of powers in American government o The power of the sword The executive branch o The power of the purse The legislative branch According to the textbook one reason governments exercise power is in order to provide public goods What are public goods How do they differ from so called private goods What does the provision of public goods have to do with collective action problems and free riding o Public good Goods that no one in a group can be excluded from enjoying o Private good Goods that individuals within a group can be excluded from enjoying o Free riding Enjoying the benefits of public goods without bearing part of the burden of providing it o What does the provision of public goods have to do with free riding Public goods is not only that no one can demand payment but also that individuals within a group can easily lack motivation to voluntarily contribute to providing them o Collective action problem A situation where free riding threatens to prevent a group from providing a public good o What does the provision of public goods have to do with the collective action problem When most people try to free ride the public good does not get to be provided Chapter 2 Overview of the American Way of Government What is meant by the word ideology o Ideology Views about the proper role of the government According to the textbook what are two government purposes that most Americans consider to be legitimate o Securing rights o Promoting happiness and welfare of the people What is limited government What does it have to do with securing rights Government must be empowered to serve its legitimate proposes Must be limited and controlled in its powers so that it doesn t pose a risk to the rights What is the difference between a legal right and a natural right Which natural rights are listed in the Declaration of Independence Do Americans tend to agree or disagree that those rights listed in the Declaration are actual moral rights that government has a responsibility to secure Legal right o Part of the written manmade laws Natural right o Moral rights all human beings have by nature prior to the creation of the government All human beings have natural rights to life liberty and to pursue happiness without unjust interference by others and property o Agree What are socioeconomic rights In which document are they listed The Declaration of Independence or the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Do Americans agree or disagree over whether socioeconomic rights are actual moral rights that government has a responsibility to secure Social or economic services or benefits that governments and or private employers have a duty to provide or guarantee The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Many


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