GSU POLS 1101 - POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 1 Study Guide (17 pages)

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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 1 Study Guide



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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
17
School:
Georgia State University
Course:
Pols 1101 - American Government

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POLS 1101 American Government Fall 2017 Professor M Evans Study Guide for Exam 1 Chapter 1 What are Governments and What do They Do According to the textbook what are the defining features of government o A set of institutions that endures over time has authority over the people of a specific territory authoritatively makes and enforces laws Make sure to know the basic definitions of these types of governing institutions legislature executive branch bureaucratic agencies judicial branch and courts o Legislature makes laws o Executive puts laws into effect Bureaucratic agencies organizational units within the executive branch are responsible for implementing public polices or serves o Judicial consists of courts of law Courts resolve legal disputes and guide and limits the executive branch and implementation of law What is the name of the legislature of the government of the State of Georgia o Georgia General Assembly What is the name of the legislature of the federal government of the United States o Congress What are the names of the two chambers of the legislature of the government of the State of Georgia o The House and the Senate What are the names of the two chambers of the legislature of the federal government of the United States o The House and the Senate Make sure to know the definitions for these two distinctive features of the American form of government federalism and separation of powers o Federalism Authority is partly divided and partly shared between the federal government and the state government o Separation of powers Legislative executive and judicial powers are exercised by three spate branches of government Make sure to know and understand the definition of these concepts provided by the textbook o Authority as in A having authority over B A has an authority over B to the extent that A has a right to issue commands to B and to expect B to obey those commands o Legitimate claim to authority Rightful or justified claim to have authority over another o Power as in A having power over B A has power over B to the extent that A can get B to do what B would not otherwise do How are the following three kinds of laws different from one another ordinances statutes regulations o Ordinances Made by city legislature o Statutes Made by Congress of state legislature o Regulations Rules made by bureaucratic agencies that have the force of a law Why according to the textbook is Max Weber s definition of government as that which has a monopoly over the legitimate use of force over a territory misleading o It does NOT include the legislative and judicial functions performed by government o Monopoly does NOT line up with federalism What does it mean to be sovereign Whom or what is considered to be sovereign in the United States o Sovereignty The highest authority to rule over a territory o The people of the government Make sure to know and understand the various



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