GSU POLS 1101 - POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 3 Study Guide (15 pages)

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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 3 Study Guide



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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 3 Study Guide

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Pages:
15
School:
Georgia State University
Course:
Pols 1101 - American Government
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POLS 1101 American Government Fall 2017 Dr Michael Evans Study Guide for Exam 3 I Ch 10 Political Parties A What is a partisan realignment a A durable shift in a political system s configuration of voter s partisan identifications and political parties vote shares B How according to the textbook do political parties provide a vital function in any democratic system a They put together shifting coalitions of voters attracted to various issues promote compromise and cooperation among various interests C How did the issue of slavery factor into the demise of the Whig Party the loss of majority party status by Democrats and the rise of the Republican Party a Whigs Were less unified on slavery b Democrats Were split on issue of slavery c Republics Were able to draw in antislavery democrats that led to the republican majority D What led to the development of the Democratic Party as a majority party in the 1930s a FDR s New Deal E Why did the civil rights movement present a long lasting challenge to the Democratic Party s coalition that originally emerged in the 1930s a President reached out to blacks in a way that concerned many southern whites and led them to vote for third party candidates b Raised question How can democrats appeal to southern whites and minorities at the same time F Why do we only have two major parties a Winner take all electoral system b Difficult for third parties to get on the ballot c A lack of funding for third parties G What are third parties Be sure to know the different major third parties in the United States since 1992 a A literal third party or minority party b Reform party green party and libertarian party H What are proto parties What separates them from third parties What are recent examples of proto parties a A group of individuals affiliated with one ideological wing of the existing parties but are neither breakaway groups nor officially sanctioned parts of existing parties b Tea party republicans I What are parties in government and how do they differ from parties in the electorate a Party in government J K L M N O P Elected officials from a party b Party in electorate All voters who identify with a party in a given area What according the textbook is the most notable trend in regard to the party in the electorate over the past four decades a Rise of independent voters Make sure that you understand the decentralized nature of our political parties and what it means for party politics a It aims to give citizens or their elected representatives more power in public decision making Many Democrats think the nomination of Hillary Clinton in 2016 signaled a failure of the party s system for nominating presidential candidates What problem do these critics see with the system a It allowed to elite party too much influence at the expense of ordinary votes Many Republicans think the nomination of Donald Trump in 2016 signaled a failure of party s system for nominating presidential candidates What problem do these critics see with the system a That the system did not allow party elites to have enough influence over the party s choice of nominee What seven things do national party conventions do according to the textbook a Determine the rules for the business party b Bring together diverse groups in the party c Develop and provide exposure for upcoming party leaders d Debate and wrote the party platform e Showcase the party s image f Nominate the president and vice president g Launch the campaign What is a party platform When do parties adopt them a A document that is developed at party s national convention and establishes what the party stands for Why according to the textbook has the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act BCRA of 2002 had a mixed impact on the ability for parties to influence candidates campaigns a On one hand in part by using the power of the internet Parties have been able to raise money from small donors to raise the revenue that had formerly been raised through soft money b On the other hand large donors now have an increased ability to seek to influence campaigns without the help of a political party organization II Ch 11 Organized Interest Groups A Make sure to know and understand the definition of interest groups a An association of individuals or organizations that seeks to influence government to benefit members of the association or advance a cause they share a belief in B How do interest groups differ from political parties a Political parties are responsible for all the citizens and interest groups are only responsible for their members C Be sure to understand the relationship between interest groups and the First Amendment a The courts have long recognized that the first amendment protects the right to join political associations for the purpose of petitioning government for a redress of grievances D What is pluralism a Model of American politics that says government is influenced by the effects of multiple minority organized groups with opposing interests and values E How does pluralism differ from majoritarianism elite theory and biased pluralism a Elite theory and biased pluralism reject the idea of pluralism and majoritarianism F What is meant by hyperpluralism A critical account of American politics which holds that the prevalence of interest groups putting pressure on government makes it impossible for the government to plan deal with long term problems and make policies that further the public interest a What are some negative consequences of hyperpluralism Gridlock which is the inability of government to make or implement any decision G What are the two broad categories of interest groups in the United States a Economic and non economic groups H What are the different types of economic interest groups a Business Interest General Business Organizations Trade Associations Professional Associations Organized Labor I How do they differ in the policies that they pursue a Most purse connections and memberships because then they have more influence of political issues J Be sure to know an example of each subtype for instance the AFL CIO is a labor union a GM AT T IBM are business interests Chamber of commerce is a general business organization Most American industries and businesses are trade associations ABA and AMA are Professional Associations AFL and CIO are Labor Unions K What are the different types of non economic interest groups How do they differ from economic interest groups Single issue groups ideological groups and


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