GSU POLS 1101 - POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 2 Study Guide (20 pages)

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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 2 Study Guide



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POLS 1101 - Fall 2017 Evans - Exam 2 Study Guide

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Pages:
20
School:
Georgia State University
Course:
Pols 1101 - American Government
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POLS 1101 American Government Fall 2017 Dr Michael Evans Study Guide for Exam 2 Chapter 5 Federalism What makes a federal system like that of the United States different from a confederacy and unitary national government o Federal Powers are divided and shared between state and national government o Confederacy States are given as much autonomy and independence as possible and the federal government is held accountable to the state government o Unitary States have no reserved powers national government has the authority to alter states legal powers and redraw state boundaries What is judicial review Why has it been important for the development of federalism over time o Authority of courts to decide if acts of government are constitutional o Solves questions about the scope and limits of federal and state government legal authority Make sure to understand how the Article VI Supremacy Clause and Tenth Amendment help to define American federalism o Supremacy clause states that federal laws are supreme over state and local laws o Tenth Amendment says that the authority of the federal government is limited to only those legal powers that are delegated by the Constitution and the powers not delegated are reserved to the states The U S Constitution delegates powers to the federal government in two ways through enumerated powers and implied powers Where in the Constitution are most of Congress enumerated powers listed Article I section 8 What is the Necessary and Proper Clause What are amendmentenforcing provisions How are the sources of implied powers Congress has authority to make laws that are necessary and proper for executing the enumerate powers Provisions of 6 constitutional amendments o 13 14 15 19 23 26 that great Congress authority to enforce the rights guaranteed by the amendments o What are reserved powers Areas of public policy over which only state governments have authority What is meant by the police power HINT It is not about police officers What does it have to do with the constitutional law of American federalism Are there any constitutional limits on the police power of the state governments o Authority of government to make laws and regulations to promote the health safety welfare and morals of the people Reserved to state governments o It reserves power to the states What are advantages of forming unions like the European Union or the U S union pointed to by pro unionists What disadvantages do anti unionists e g secessionists point o Pro unionist Governments can relate to each other through political and legal processes less violence can better achieve mutually beneficial economic arrangements immigration policies and environmental pollution controls o Anti unionist Loss of autonomy and self determination Make sure to understand the five kinds of arguments discussed in the textbook made in favor of greater national government power and the four types of arguments made in favor of less national government power o Greater national government power Preserving the union Creating uniformity Providing national public goods Protecting minority rights Preventing races to the bottom Nation government can impose higher standards o Less national government power Protects liberty Accommodates diverse values and interest across the country Easier to experiment public policy Fosters democratic citizenship Generally speaking has the power and authority of the national government increased or decreased over time o increased What impact did each of the following have in the development of federalism during the Progressive Era o The Supreme Court s doctrine that the regulation of economic production is a power reserved exclusively to the states Made it unconstitutional for the federal government to stop monopolies child labor and use its taxation powers to remedy social evils th th o 16 17 18th and 19th Amendments 16th Allowed congress authority to tax income in any manner it chooses resulted in the government deriving majority of its revenue from income taxes and let federal government use the power of the purse to control state governments 17th Stripped state governments of their control over who served in the Senate interests of the state governments no longer had representation in Congress 18th and 19th Set national standards that had before been left up to the states In 1937 in upholding New Deal programs the Supreme Court offered a revolutionary new interpretation of the Constitution which had the effect of granting the federal government extensive authority to regulate the economy and enact the modern welfare state Make sure to know and understand o what the substantial effects doctrine is how it replaced the older way of interpreting the Commerce Clause and why this matters for the federal government s authority to regulate the economy Gave the federal government authority to regulate any economic activity that has substantial effect on interstate commerce Reinterpreted Commerce Clause by saying if any economic activity was expected to affect commerce among the states the federal government could regulate it Increased governments authority to regulate most aspects of the economy o how the Court interpreted the spending clause which says Congress has power to tax and spend to promote the general welfare in such a way as to allow for Social Security and other welfare state programs and Congress has the authority to decide for itself where to draw the line between what constitutes providing a benefit versus spending for the general welfare Congress could spend for the general welfare to provide benefits to particular groups if Congress believed doing so would alleviate a social problem on a national scope o how liberals conservatives and libertarians agree and disagree over the legacy and value of the New Deal concerning the development of the federal government s power and authority Liberals Believe it was wise and proper and regret that it didn t go further in securing the second bill of rights Conservatives Believe some parts were needed at the time but I put the federal government on a long term path to grow out of control Libertarians Believed that the whole thing was unnecessary ineffective improper and harmful Federal government spending spiked to very high levels during World War II After plummeting immediately after the war it went back up although not to World War IIlevels What two factors does the textbook point to as reasons for the continued high levels of


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