UB HIS 161 - Lecture 2_SV_Africa Americas Atlantic_CH17-2 (42 pages)

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Lecture 2_SV_Africa Americas Atlantic_CH17-2



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Lecture 2_SV_Africa Americas Atlantic_CH17-2

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Pages:
42
School:
University at Buffalo-SUNY
Course:
His 161 - U S History 1
U S History 1 Documents
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Traveling Across the Atlantic Africa America 1530 1700 Chapter 17 Recap of World Civ I Maritime Explosion European Explorers Invade What is Genocide Genocide is The deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial political or cultural group LEARN this definition DISEASE Chill Dude It s Just the Flu Really But think about it in terms of today Native American exposure to unknown viruses Measles mumps bubonic pneumonic plague influenza typhus How can we relate that to today Zika Virus Small Pox What is it Virus Fever chills nausea pains convulsions delirium Internal bleeding Rash pustules Most likely death Highly contagious The Effects of Disease on Native America Epidemics responsible for Native American decline in the 16th century Possibly a 98 population loss Biological Warfare Colonial Economies The Spanish Central South America Dependant on Spanish Gov What Spain wanted in The New World Silver Sugar Rum Encomienda System British French Colonial Economy Formation of companies Variety of commercial activities British Fur trade Missionary activity French Slave Trade Middle Passage Great Circuit Stop Think How was the Atlantic System of Slavery Different from others i e Islamic Slave Trade The Americas were built on the backs of African Slaves How many Africans 15 million imported Every slave imported represented on average 5 corpses in Africa or the high seas The Atlantic Slave Trade Meant the Elimination of at least 60 Million Stats Facts about the Atlantic Slave Trade Between 1500 and 1750 the slave trade was the largest employer in Holland and Portugal Lloyds of London could not have become one of the biggest finance capital forces in the world without the slave trade The demand for faster bigger slave ships was central to the European development of hydrodynamics The 18th century founders of Brown University got their wealth by manufacturing and selling slave ships as well as investing in the slave trade New York s Wall Street became a financial center because it was one of the principle slave trading ports in America Slave traders eventually had to travel to get slaves it was necessary to go about 18 days journey inland before finding a village Near slave markets in Africa the dead and the dying were thrown on the ground in a pile Hyenas very numerous gorged on the flesh of dead and living humans Many historians link African famines not to drought or locust or any other natural disaster but to the disintegration of traditional farming lands and methods during the height of slave trade years Captains running short of water would often order hundreds of African captives to be thrown overboard b c insurance companies covered death by drowning but not starvation The size and practices of Atlantic sharks changed dramatically The number of sharks increased and they abandoned their migratory practices in order to follow slave ships Ironically Africans were brought to America on ships called Brotherhood John the Baptist Justice and Integrity Gift of God Liberty Jesus and Freedom One slave captain wrote one day in his ship s log about all the cruel ways they would keep the slaves in line and the disgusting feces blood and disease in the overcrowded hulls He was not ashamed he was just documenting the passage Then in a different log entry he wrote about desperate slaves who would try to commit suicide and showed no concern for life Today s descendants of African slaves are more susceptible to salt sensitive hypertension than those African and Europeans of non slave descent The Columbian Exchange Transfer of peoples animals plants technologies and diseases between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus s voyage 1492 Historic Globalization Things from Africa Asia Rice Bananas Coconuts Breadfruit Sugar cane Okra Peas Millet Europeans Brought Cattle Pigs Horse Sheep Guns From the Americas Maize Potatoes Beans Squash Tomatoes Sweet Potatoes Peanuts Chilies Chocolate Plant Dyes Plant Medications Tobacco Cassava The End


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