UB GEO 330 - Review sheet exam 1 (6 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2 of 6 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Review sheet exam 1



Previewing pages 1, 2 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Review sheet exam 1

81 views


Pages:
6
School:
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Course:
Geo 330 - Dynamics of Internat Bus
Dynamics of Internat Bus Documents
Unformatted text preview:

GEO 334 MIDTERM REVIEW SHEET I II What is Culture a Societal Region Place Culture Deresky s Definition Culture is the shared values understandings assumptions and goals that are learned from earlier generations imposed by present members of a society and passed on to succeeding generations It often results in shared attitudes codes of conduct and expectations that subconsciously guide and control certain norms of behavior i And because these have geographic dimensions the expression of culture can also be seen as a geographic phenomenon b Organization Community Based Society Corporate Culture Exists within and interacts with societal culture Varies from one organization to another Represents norms expectations and goals held common by members ex IBM vs Apple c Cultural Sensitivity Empathy An awareness of and an honest caring about another individual s culture d Cultural Savvy Company s awareness of culture of host country Chapter 3 Cultural Value Dimensions i Values determine how individuals probably will act in given circumstances They are communicated via the eight subsystems just described and are passed down through generations ii unique sets of shared values among geographically situated people p 78 b Fallacies an error in reasoning based on mistaken assumptions usually i Exception Fallacies When you reach a group conclusion on the basis of exceptional cases like assuming all Asians can t drive because you saw one Asian looking guy making a mistake ii Ecological Fallacies When you make conclusions about individuals based only on analyses of group data c Convergence shifting individual management styles to become similar to one another i Self Reference Criterion the subconscious reference point of one s own cultural values ii Parochialism narrow minded expects others to fall in line with THEIR culture iii Ethnocentrism attitude of those who assume their ways of doing things are best ex P G s sales setback bc of ethnocentrism in ad where scenes were deemed inappropriate in Japan even though their norm here FRANCE AND NETFLIX NOTES pre reading 1 Well established French competitors are trying to head off a Netflix wave the government wants oversight and the cinema industry wants Netflix to invest heavily in French productions But video on demand services are now already well established in many European markets Another challenge in France is a requirement that 40 percent of content on French radio TV and movies in theaters must be of French origin Because Netflix s European headquarters are in Amsterdam the company does not have to comply with the rule which is designed to protect domestic creativity But French movie and television industry experts rally around the idea of the French Exception Offering only American series will not work Netflix will also have to pay a two percent tax if their annual earnings are more than 10 million euros following a recent decision by the French Culture Ministry to tax operators based abroad In France many close to the film industry fear Netflix will drag subscribers away from Canal which is currently the main financier of French made films d Important Studies STUDY i Hofstede 1980 1 Research design Surveys 116 000 people in 50 countries rate on scale your value rate 1 7 a Major criticism of this study was that only ONE MNC multi national corp was surveyed IBM 2 Dimensions a Individualism value hard work entrepreneurial risk taking and freedom to focus on personal goals VS Collectivism emphasis strong association with family and work groups to maintain harmony and work towards collective goals b Uncertainty Avoidance the extent people feel threatened by ambiguous open to interpretation situations i value security system of rules procedures slower change open to change new ideas c Masculinity VS Femininity extent to which masculine values prevail assertive wealth lack of concern for others i HIGH masculinity versus femininity scores emphasize assertiveness the accumulation of wealth and an entrepreneurial drive ii LOW masculinity versus femininity value relaxed lifestyles and are more concerned for others than they are with material gain d Power Distance society s acceptance of unequal power dist i LARGE power distance greater inequality between superiors and subordinates more hierarchical organizations and power derives from prestige force and inheritance ii SMALL power distance more equally shared prestige and rewards and power derives from hard work and is often considered more legitimate e Long Term Orientation i HIGH long term orientation place value on respect for tradition thrift perseverance and a sense of personal shame ii LOW long term orientation value individual stability and reputation fulfilling social obligations and reciprocation of greetings and gifts ii Trompenaars1993 More rigorous research design compared to Hofstede 1 15 000 managers from 28 countries representing 47 national cultures 2 Dimensions a Obligation Universalistic v Particularistic Rules and systems should apply universally or should be tailored to the circumstances and people involved in each individual case ex People in Particu Society are more likely to place relationships over rules b Emotional Orientation Neutral v Emotional To what extent to people value restraint in their emotions How much effort is made to control emotions ex Italians show emotion even in work setting c Privacy in Relationships specific separate work from home life or diffuse home relationships spill over into work and visa versa d Source of power status Personal or Society Individual achievement personal or ascribed status power society iii GLOBE 2001 1 170 researchers over 7 yrs 18 000 managers in 62 countries 2 Dimensions a Assertiveness concerns how much people are expected to be tough confrontational and competitive versus modest and tender LOW assertiveness countries have sympathy for the weak and emphasize loyalty and solidarity b Performance Orientation concerns the importance of performance improvement and excellence refers to whether people are encouraged to strive for continued improvement LOW performance orientation countries place priority on things like tradition loyalty family and background c Human Orientation measures the extent to which a society encourages and rewards people for being fair generous kind HIGH indicates a focus on sympathy and support for the weak LOW give more importance to power and material possessions as well as selfenhancement d GLOBE research also


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Review sheet exam 1 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Review sheet exam 1 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?