Fifty States and 90,000 Local Governments II

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Fifty States and 90,000 Local Governments II

Continued notes of Texas Government from previous week. Recap of federal system and the distribution of power between federal, state and local government.

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Texas A&M University
Pols 207 - State & Local Goverment

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POLS 207 1st Edition Lecture 2 Outline of Last Lecture I. Population a. Affect of policy b. Changing nature of the US c. Texas Government Outline of Current Lecture II. Texas Government cont. A. Ranking tables available on lecture slides III. Federal Government IV. National vs. State vs. Local Laws V. Federal System Current Lecture: Texas State Government cont.  State and local taxes are fuel tax, income tax, sales tax etc.  Crime rate is high in Texas, ranked number 6 so within the top ten.  Incarceration rate is also high, ranked number 2 but Texas is also the second most populous state. (Prison number is number 1) You can see a truer statistic by looking at how many people per 1000 are in prison. Incarceration rate is so high because of drug related offences.  Poverty rate is high; Texas is the 5th poorest state. Government  Federalism/The Federal System – unique system that was created by the Founding Fathers.  50 state, 1 federal, 90,000 local governments  Most laws that affect us are local – people pay less attention to local government though because so much focus is put on the federal government.  Texas: - 254 counties - 1,196 cities - 1,090 school districts (they are local governments because citizens choose their superintendent, school board members etc.) - 2,245 special districts (they provide services to people who live in those districts – sewage system, airport etc. people pay for it via property tax) National vs. State vs. Local laws  Some local laws are stricter than others – such as Bryan/College Station, which do not allow smoking in bars.

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