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Habitat & WaypointsDesign Requirements:Habitat:Habitat (con’t):DeploymentSlide 6Slide 7Slide 8Slide 9Slide 10Slide 11Habitat Rovers:Habitat Connector Tubes (HCT):Airlocks:Hybrid Power Source:Slide 16Landing/Launching Sites:Communication/HDTV:Logistic & Supplies:Future Areas of Research:Habitat & WaypointsPicture2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureDesign Requirements:A safe, reliable, low maintenance habitat to support all functions related to the first lunar race.Two bases; Polar & equatorialAutomated Initial Set-upProvide emergency facilities and supportVideo monitoring (HDTV quality)Launch and Landing Facilities2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat:Characteristics:Modular & ExpandableAutomated setupLarge volume for crew areasTechnically feasibilityUses existing launch capabilitiesIndependent of lunar locationEquator or PolesProvides radiation shielding2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat (con’t):Automated Set-up:Habitat unfolds:FloorVeggie-strainer modelRoofHigh-strength fabric-type material in-between sparesInflation of the pressure vessel or bladder2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureDeployment2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat (con’t):Automated Set-up (con’t):Lunar regolith positioned by roverRadiation shielding ~ 2 meters thickLunar dust significance mitigatedImproved thermal modulation and controlMicrometeoroid protection2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat (con’t):Located within the coreMain controls, computers, and small storageLife-support systems verified operable2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat (con’t):Un-automated Set-up:Habitat connecting tube (HTC’s) EVA hatch connectionPopulate with equipment, resources, etc. Power source connected2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat (con’t):Volume NASA recommends 20 (m3)/personOther recommendations ~ 120 (m3)/person ISS configuration.This architecture will provide ~120 (m3)/personTotal Volume ~ 850 (m3)Room for ~ 7 people/module2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat (con’t):Modular Habitats & Allocations:Base/Surface Operations – 1 modCrew quarters – 2 ModStorage/Equipment – 1 ModMedical/Mess Hall/Recreation – 1 ModRover Teams (~5 - 7) – 3 ModTotal of 8 modulesShipped separately2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat (con’t):Crew Numbers and Specializations:Medical Staff ~ 2Operations ~ 3Rover teams ~ 15Engineers/Technicians ~ 2Misc. ~ 2Total crew size ~ 242-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat Rovers:Various Functions:A Regolith Positioning Rover:Launched separate of habitatNuclear poweredVery robust, heavy utilityMulti-use (local exploration, material transport)Personnel & Resource transport to & from landing/launching facility2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHabitat Connector Tubes (HCT):ModularExpandable/collapsibleAt least 3 (m) high to accommodate maximum bounding gait for 1/6th gravityConnects habitat-to-habitathabitat-to-airlockhabitat-to-rover2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureAirlocks:Modular DesignShipped in sets of 2 – 4Possibly uses electromagnetic & water-wash-down as dust removal techniquesApproximate number needed per outpost ~ 42-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHybrid Power Source:NuclearMain power sourceLocated a distance away for radiation protectionSolar arraysA good backup for life-support systemsTracking and stable types used2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureHybrid Power Source:Power BeamingBetween habitats habitat to rovershabitats to working areasBatteries for power storage if applicableMinimized useWeight & costs2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureLanding/Launching Sites:Located ~ 2 miles awayMitigation of lunar dust on solar panels & roversRemotely operated roversshuttle materials and crew2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureCommunication/HDTV:TV cameras positioned throughout the facilitiesOnly certain cameras will be used at a given time due to bandwidth limitationsCameras on mini-rovers within HabsLaser transmitters/receiversdirect-earth, earth via satellite waypoints2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureLogistic & Supplies:An initial resource supply is required:Essentially an open-loop system initiallyAll the materials will be shipped separatelyIf race mission duration is extended, additional materials will need to be shippedCan transition into more of a closed-loop system.ISRU2-Dec-04USC 2004 AME 557 Space Exploration ArchitectureFuture Areas of Research:Power beaming capabilitiesNuclear power sourcesHabitat design detailsRover Excavator


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