UNC-Chapel Hill ENGL 123 - 083016 Defoe-1 (12 pages)

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083016 Defoe-1



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083016 Defoe-1

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Pages:
12
School:
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Course:
Engl 123 - INTRO TO FICTION Lecture 3
INTRO TO FICTION Lecture 3 Documents

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EARLY MODERN QUARANTINE ENGL 123 003 Fall 2016 Tues 8 30 16 Recap Pernick s Contagion and Culture Definition of contagion is contingent and contested Boccaccio s The Decameron Frame story Variety of responses to plague Preface establishes importance of compassion The Great Plague of London 1665 Last plague epidemic in London worst since Black Death At peak 8 000 people died per week Wealthy fled to the country side poorest remained in city The Great Fire of 1666 wiped out the last of the plague Organized response and accounting in the form of Plague Orders Bills of Mortality Sick were quarantined in homes to prevent spread That if any House be Infected the sick person or persons be forthwith removed to the said pest house sheds or huts for the preservation of the rest of the Family And that such house though none be dead therein be shut up for forty days and have a Red Cross and Lord have mercy upon us in Capital Letters affixed on the door and Warders appointed as well to find them necessaries as to keep them from conversing with the sound Bills of Mortality Daniel Defoe 1660 1731 British poet journalist and novelist known for Robinson Crusoe 1719 Born in London to dissenters Merchant by trade Published first pamphlet in 1683 Transitioned to fiction later in life Credited with founding the modern English novel Novel long fictitious prose narrative C18 novels were new realistic and developed individual characters C18 print culture derived from growing middle class increased literacy printing innovations growing class of professional writers and circulating libraries A Journal of the Plague Year 1722 Narrator H F remains in London during the plague Written as a record of his observations during that time shutting up of houses collecting and burring the dead conditions of the poor quacks etc Commentary paired with exemplary story Considered to be Historical fiction or historical novel Emphasis on verisimilitude Regularly returns to critique of the lack of preparation



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