U of M PSY 1001 - Chapter 11 (3 pages)

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Chapter 11



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Chapter 11

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Pages:
3
School:
University of Minnesota- Twin Cities
Course:
Psy 1001 - Introduction to Psychology

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Emotion and Motivation Study Guide 1 Emotion A state elicited by a strongly motivational i e reinforcing event or by anticipation of such an event that produces a coordinated set of adaptive responses Feelings Introspection subjective Autonomic responses sympathetic activation hormonal Somatic responses facial expressions in humans approach or avoidance 2 Evolutionary View of Emotion States the emotions like other parts of our brain and body were shaped by Darwinian evolution and share ancestry with other animals Adaptive Value of Emotion Ancient emotions such as a fear keep us alive by being cautions of potential dangers Old emotions like pride developed in primates and add to our social wellbeing increasing odds of reproduction New emotions such as love for our offspring cause our offspring to survive better Evidence that emotions are innate Baby s smile before they are old enough to know why or to learn to smile We share resemblances in our expressions to animals such as a dog snarling its teeth as a sneer or a rat squealing from laughter 3 Ekman s 6 Emotions Happiness Sadness Anger Fear Disgust Surprise and sometimes contempt Evidence for Ekman s Six He read a story to New Guineans and then had them choose which emotion the American is displaying from many different facial expressions He then took a picture of their emotions and had American college students guess their emotions The six seven emotions he called universal were all commonly recognized across cultures 4 How can researchers study emotions in rats Study the difference in rats between conditioned rats with an amygdala lesion and one without Since the rats without this react less to the conditioned stimuli it shows rats experience fear Fear potentiated Startled Response is a reflexive physiological reaction to a presented stimulus and is an indicator of the fear reaction in an organism How is a F PSR acquired The researchers turned a light on and then shocked a rat Then they shocked them again with the



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