UVA SOC 2230 - Lecture 13 Sykes and Matza The Neutralization of Guilt (2 pages)

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Lecture 13 Sykes and Matza The Neutralization of Guilt



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Lecture 13 Sykes and Matza The Neutralization of Guilt

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Pages:
2
School:
University Of Virginia
Course:
Soc 2230 - Criminology

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Lecture 13 The Neutralization of Guilt Sykes and Matza theory is not exactly learning theory It associates with both Sutherland s Differential Association Theory and Learning Theory Sutherland Criminal values Delinquent Values o Excitement thrills kicks Breaking law itself is thrilling It is fun to be chased by the police o Drifting and Grandiose dreams conspicuous consumption o aggressiveness and violence To show they are badasses Subterranean values Mainstream Middle Class Values o value excitements o Discipline routine standardization the virtue of work o Protestant ethic o professionalism softness and peace emotions or any kind should not be expressed Subterranean Values o Values which are in conflict or in competition with other deeply held values but which are still recognized and accepted by many o leisure class personal quality beauty it describes leisure class and also high school students There is no such thing as o delinquency have respect to people in the mainstream o the juvenile delinquents feel guilty for what they have done They have internalized their value about the mainstream o If the bad things make the juvenile delinquency feel shame and guilty then why did they do bad things at the first place They employed five techniques of neutralization to eliminate the feeling of guilt Techniques of Neutralization o Denial of Responsibility the person says he acted because he had no choice the study done in a hit man the guy who kills people for living He called himself hired gun He claimed that he is not responsible for the death of people Those people who paying him are the ones making him kill and they are the one responsible for the murder positivism does not really explain behavior as a choice o Denial of Injury redefines the criminal act as something that is not criminal which is not offense the law ie stealing borrowing mala in se absolutely bad ie murder robbery rape etc mala prohibita bad simply because the law says it s bad and the law is



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