UIUC NPRE 402 - First Human Made Reactor and Birth of Nuclear Age (53 pages)

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First Human Made Reactor and Birth of Nuclear Age



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First Human Made Reactor and Birth of Nuclear Age

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Pages:
53
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Npre 402 - Nuclear Power Engineering

Unformatted text preview:

CHAPTER 1 FIRST HUMAN MADE REACTOR AND BIRTH OF NUCLEAR AGE M Ragheb 8 6 2012 The energy produced by the atom is a very poor kind of thing Anyone who expects a source of power from the transformation of these atoms is talking moonshine Lord Ernest Rutherford 1933 The Almighty certainly never intended that people should travel at such breakneck speed About trains travelling at 15 miles per hour Martin van Buren 1830 1 1 INTRODUCTION The events that accompanied the birth of the nuclear age are described The construction of the Chicago Pile Number 1 CP 1 as the first human made nuclear reactor and the milestones in scientific progress that preceded and immediately followed it are considered The success of the first man made self sustained chain reaction was followed by the Manhattan Project which culminated into the first and only use of nuclear weapons in warfare by the USA against Japan The distinction between a nuclear reactor and a nuclear device using an exponential neutron population growth model is discussed Humanity s hope lies in using its acquired knowledge in constructive endeavors and refraining from its use for destructive actions This process still continues in the nuclear age and affects every human in some special way 1 2 THE CHICAGO PILE NUMBER ONE CP 1 REACTOR The following coded message was sent from the Stagg Field at the University of Chicago to government officials in Washington DC You will be interested to know that the Italian navigator has just landed in the New World and the natives are friendly The Italian navigator referred to was not Christopher Columbus 1451 1506 but Enrico Fermi 1901 1954 The natives were friendly alluded to the success of a major experiment designated as the Chicago Pile Number 1 CP 1 A painting by artist Gary Sheahan that reconstructed the event showing Enrico Fermi s team is shown in Fig 1 Figure 1 Painting by artist Gary Sheahan reconstructing the Chicago Pile Number 1 experiment CP 1 first reactor showing Enrico



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