Benzoic Acid Reactions

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CH 220 1st Edition Lecture 18 Outline of Current Lecture I. Benzoic acid reactions II. Elimination reactions: E2 III. Zaitzev’s rule IV. Elimination reactions: E1 Current Lecture I. Benzoic acid reactions a. Remember that it is a 2 step process: 1st Alkylation 2nd Oxidation II. Elimination reactions E2 a. Elimination reactions happen when, instead of attacking the Carbon, the nucleophile attacks a hydrogen en route to the Carbon b. This happens when the nucleophile is a strong base such as NaOH and KOH c. By making the nucleophile bigger, meaning that it would be harder to reach the carbon and make it more likely to attack the hydrogen d. Using Sodium Methoxide instead of NaOH, there would be a much greater chance of the reaction being an Elimination Reaction (E2) e. Produces an alkene f. The nucleophile attacks a hydrogen on the Carbon neighbor of the Carbon with the leaving group III. Zaitzev’s rule a. Predict which side of the carbon the double bond will be on b. Take hydrogens away from the carbon with the least hydrogens IV. Elimination reactions: E1 These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.

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