Exam 2 Study Guide

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Exam 2 Study Guide

Midterm 2 Study Guide: includes a summary and key terms of lectures 9-15

Study Guide
University Of Connecticut
Psyc 1103 - General Psychology II (Enhanced)

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PSYCH 1103 1st Edition Exam #2 Study Guide Lectures: 9 - 15 Lecture 9 (February 26) Stress What is stress? What causes stress? What are types of stress? How do you measure stress? -Stress: negative emotional, cognitive, behavioral & physiological process that occurs as one adjusts to stressors -Stressor: any circumstance that disrupts (or potentially disrupts) a person’s daily functioning -Types of stressors  Life changes  Catastrophic events  Acute stressors  Daily hassles  Chronic stressors -Measuring stress  Holmes & Rahe: Social Readjustment Scale -Life Change Units (LCU)  add LCU for each instance of event within a year -Higher SRRS scores associated with negative outcomes What are physical stress responses? What are the stages of the general adaptation syndrome? -General adaptation syndrome 1. Alarm stage (flight or fight response) Increased respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure 2. Resistance stage  Increased production of steroids, shuts down unnecessary processes 3. Exhaustion stages  Final rallying of defenses, weakening of immune response, followed by death/breakdown Lecture 10 (March 3) Personality What is personality? Who came up with the psychodynamic theory? Describe the structure of personality. -Definition: pattern of enduring thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that characterize an individual -Sigmund Freud came up with the psychodynamic theory and believed there was a structure to personality Id -Fully unconscious -Contains basic instincts -Pleasure principle (seek immediate satisfaction) Ego -Both conscious and unconscious -Negotiates between id, reality, and superego (reality principle) -Threatened by anxiety, unacceptable impulses Superego -Internalized rules and values from society - Both conscious and unconscious -Uncompromising moral guide What are the ego defense mechanisms? -Repression -Rationalization -Projection -Compensation -Reaction formation -Displacement What are Freud’s stages of psychosexual development? What are fixations? -Oral stage (1st year)  Mouth as source of gratification -Anal stage (2nd year)  Anus as source of gratification  Toilet training -Phallic stage (3-5 years)  Males: penis as source of gratification -Oedipus complex  Females: penis envy -Electra complex -Latency period (5-12 years)  Sexual urges suppressed -Genital stage (12+ years)  Genitals again become source of gratification  Become interested in sex -Fixations: occur if there’s failure to resolve any of these stages  express stage issue in a different manner What was Carl Jung’s main belief? -Libido was a more general positive instinct Lecture 11 (March 5) Personality cont. Who was Karen Horney? What were her beliefs? -Neo-Freudian -Developed alternative conception of phallic stage  Men had womb envy because girls were the ones capable of reproducing What are the pros and cons of the psychodynamic approach? -Positives  Hugely influential in many domains  Useful description of many aspects of ego-defense  Emphasis on unconscious mind -Negatives  Lack of scientific rigor -Case studies -Biased interpretations  Overemphasis on sexuality  Failure to consider females Traits What are trait approaches? -Dimensions in personality space -Traits are relatively stable in time -Traits are relatively stable over situations -Traits are continuous and combinations are unique What is the Big-Five Model? -Openness to experience -Conscientiousness ...

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