Exam 2 Study Guide(9 pages)
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Exam 2 Study Guide
Midterm 2 Study Guide: includes a summary and key terms of lectures 9-15
- Study Guide
- University Of Connecticut
- Psyc 1103 - General Psychology II (Enhanced)
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PSYCH 1103 1st Edition Exam #2 Study Guide Lectures: 9 - 15 Lecture 9 (February 26) Stress What is stress? What causes stress? What are types of stress? How do you measure stress? -Stress: negative emotional, cognitive, behavioral & physiological process that occurs as one adjusts to stressors -Stressor: any circumstance that disrupts (or potentially disrupts) a person’s daily functioning -Types of stressors Life changes Catastrophic events Acute stressors Daily hassles Chronic stressors -Measuring stress Holmes & Rahe: Social Readjustment Scale -Life Change Units (LCU) add LCU for each instance of event within a year -Higher SRRS scores associated with negative outcomes What are physical stress responses? What are the stages of the general adaptation syndrome? -General adaptation syndrome 1. Alarm stage (flight or fight response) Increased respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure 2. Resistance stage Increased production of steroids, shuts down unnecessary processes 3. Exhaustion stages Final rallying of defenses, weakening of immune response, followed by death/breakdown Lecture 10 (March 3) Personality What is personality? Who came up with the psychodynamic theory? Describe the structure of personality. -Definition: pattern of enduring thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that characterize an individual -Sigmund Freud came up with the psychodynamic theory and believed there was a structure to personality Id -Fully unconscious -Contains basic instincts -Pleasure principle (seek immediate satisfaction) Ego -Both conscious and unconscious -Negotiates between id, reality, and superego (reality principle) -Threatened by anxiety, unacceptable impulses Superego -Internalized rules and values from society - Both conscious and unconscious -Uncompromising moral guide What are the ego defense mechanisms? -Repression -Rationalization -Projection -Compensation -Reaction formation -Displacement What are Freud’s stages of psychosexual development? What are fixations? -Oral stage (1st year) Mouth as source of gratification -Anal stage (2nd year) Anus as source of gratification Toilet training -Phallic stage (3-5 years) Males: penis as source of gratification -Oedipus complex Females: penis envy -Electra complex -Latency period (5-12 years) Sexual urges suppressed -Genital stage (12+ years) Genitals again become source of gratification Become interested in sex -Fixations: occur if there’s failure to resolve any of these stages express stage issue in a different manner What was Carl Jung’s main belief? -Libido was a more general positive instinct Lecture 11 (March 5) Personality cont. Who was Karen Horney? What were her beliefs? -Neo-Freudian -Developed alternative conception of phallic stage Men had womb envy because girls were the ones capable of reproducing What are the pros and cons of the psychodynamic approach? -Positives Hugely influential in many domains Useful description of many aspects of ego-defense Emphasis on unconscious mind -Negatives Lack of scientific rigor -Case studies -Biased interpretations Overemphasis on sexuality Failure to consider females Traits What are trait approaches? -Dimensions in personality space -Traits are relatively stable in time -Traits are relatively stable over situations -Traits are continuous and combinations are unique What is the Big-Five Model? -Openness to experience -Conscientiousness ...
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