Schizoprenia and Personality Disorders

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Schizoprenia and Personality Disorders

Lectures Notes 14: includes types of schizophrenia and reasons why as well as types of personality disorders and treatment of psychological disorders

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University Of Connecticut
Psyc 1103 - General Psychology II (Enhanced)

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PSYCH 1103 1st Edition Lecture 14 Outline of Last Lecture I. DSM-IV: 5 Axes a. Axis I b. Axis II c. Axis III d. Axis IV e. Axis V II. Anxiety disorders a. Phobia b. Generalized anxiety disorder c. Panic disorder d. Obsessive-compulsive disorder III. Mood disorders a. Depression b. Dysthymia c. Bipolar disorder d. Biological factors e. Psychological factors IV. Dissociative disorders a. Definition b. Dissociative identity disorder c. Dissociative amnesia d. Dissociative fugue V. Schizophrenia Outline of Current Lecture I. Types of schizophrenia a. Paranoid type b. Catatonic type c. Disorganized schizophrenia d. Undifferentiated schizophrenia II. Explanations for schizophrenia a. Genetic factors b. Dopamine hypothesis c. Neuroanatomy III. Personality disorders a. Axis II b. Three clusters of personality disorders IV. Treatment of psychological disorders a. Therapists b. Psychoanalysis Current Lecture I. Types of schizophrenia a. Paranoid type i. Dominated by delusions 1. Gradeur, persecution 2. Think people are out to get you 3. Think you will be abducted or found by the CIA ii. Often with hallucinations 1. Resulting in unpredictable behavior iii. Typically less disorganized behavior iv. And less withdrawal v. 40% of schizophrenics (within this type) b. Catatonic type i. Alternating periods of extreme withdrawal and extreme excitement ii. Remain motionless for hours, even days 1. Waxy flexibility iii. Suddenly become very animated, impulsive, even frenzied iv. 8% of schizophrenics (within this type) c. Disorganized schizophrenia i. Delusions ii. Hallucinations iii. Neglected hygiene iv. Much disorganized behavior v. Prevalent among homeless vi. 5% of schizophrenics (within this type) d. Undifferentiated schizophrenia i. Patterns of disordered behavior that don’t fall into other types ii. 40% of schizophrenics (within this type) II. Explanations for schizophrenia a. Genetic factors i. Monozygotic vs. dizygotic twins ii. No “smoking gun” gene 1. Not a single gene responsible b. Dopamine hypothesis i. “Schizophrenia caused by excess dopamine activity” ii. Dopamine blockers help some patients 1. But not all c. Neuroanatomy

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