Psychological Disorders

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Psychological Disorders

Lecture Notes 13: includes summary of the five axes in the DSM-IV and overview of the different types of psychological disorders

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University Of Connecticut
Psyc 1103 - General Psychology II (Enhanced)

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PSYCH 1103 1st Edition Lecture 13 Outline of Last Lecture I. Social-cognitive theories cont. a. Albert Bandura II. The Humanistic Approach III. Humanistic Theories a. Carl Rogers b. Abraham Maslow IV. Psychological Disorders V. Medical Model VI. Defining abnormality a. Infrequency b. Norm violation c. Personal suffering d. Criteria for abnormality will vary by VII. Biopsychosocial model Outline of Current Lecture I. DSM-IV: 5 Axes a. Axis I b. Axis II c. Axis III d. Axis IV e. Axis V II. Anxiety disorders a. Phobia b. Generalized anxiety disorder c. Panic disorder d. Obsessive-compulsive disorder III. Mood disorders a. Depression b. Dysthymia c. Bipolar disorder d. Biological factors e. Psychological factors IV. Dissociative disorders a. Definition b. Dissociative identity disorder c. Dissociative amnesia d. Dissociative fugue V. Schizophrenia Current Lecture I. DSM-IV: 5 Axes (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) a. Axes = dimensions in which people are evaluated and placed in b. Axis I: major mental disorders i. Major depression ii. Anxiety disorders iii. Somatoform disorders c. Axis II: lifelong conditions i. Personality disorders ii. Mental retardation d. Axis III: medical conditions that might impact mental health i. HIV ii. Cancer e. Axis IV: psychological & environmental problems i. Poverty, family strife f. Axis V: rating of current level of functioning: 1 to 100 II. Anxiety disorders a. Phobia: intense, irrational fear of an object or situation i. Specific phobias: heights, blood, animals, etc. ii. Social phobias 1. Fear of socializing iii. Agoraphobia: fear of being away from safe place, person 1. Usually your home b. Generalized anxiety disorder: excessive anxiety not triggered by specific object or situation i. Free-floating anxiety c. Panic disorder i. Panic attacks = sudden, overwhelming feeling of anxiety 1. People will usually flee away from the situation 2. Have all the signs of really stressful experience a. Fright or flight system is triggered d. Obsessive-compulsive disorder i. Obsessive thoughts motivate compulsive behavior ii. If you don’t do something, then something bad will happen 1. Ritualistic behavior 2. They also can be very aware that what they’re doing is silly, but they can’t help it a. Compelled iii. Treatment

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