U of A HESC 1403 - Exam 2 Study Guide (6 pages)

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Exam 2 Study Guide

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Exam 2 Study Guide


Covers chapter 7-11, which will all be on the test. -Information Processing -Intelligence -Language Development -Emotional Development -The Self, Identity, and Personality

Study Guide
University of Arkansas
Hesc 1403 - Life Span Development

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HESC 1403 1st Edition Exam 2 Study Guide CHAPTERS 7 11 CHAPTER 7 Information Processing Approach analyzes the ways people process information about their world 1 encoding mechanism by which info enters memory 2 automaticity ability to process information with little or no effort 3 strategy construction disocfivering new procedure for processing information 4 Metacognition cognition about cognition knowing about knowing Why does speed matter in processing for many everyday tasks speed is unimportant But for processing linked to accumulated knowledge and abilities to perform ATTENTION focusing of mental resources 4 types of attention selective attention divided attention sustained attention executive attention attention changes throughout life span greater attention as increase with age from infancy to childhood But then declines again in adolescence only processing of irrelevant info MEMORY retention of information over time schema theory mold to fit information already existing in mind schema metal frameworks that organize concepts and information working memory vs long term memory 1 Working memory make decisions solve problems 2 Long term memory relatively permanent unlimited type of memory children s long term memory fuzzy trace memory precise details verbatim memory trace central idea of information gist knowledge what people notice and how they organize represent interpret information adult s long term memory episodic memory retention of info about the WHERE and WHEN events implicit memory routine skills and procedures performed automatically THINKING manipulating transofmring information in mamory critical thinking scientific thinking solving problems expertise adulthood decision making adulthood use it or lose it is a older adulthood form of thinking It means practice helps cognitive skills metamemory knowledge about memory theory of mind curiosity or thoughts about how mental processes work CHAPTER 8 Intelligence What is intelligence similar to thinking and

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