Southern Miss HIS 101H - classical greece and hellenisticworld (3 pages)

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classical greece and hellenisticworld



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classical greece and hellenisticworld

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continuation of lecture 8


Lecture number:
9
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
The University of Southern Mississippi
Course:
His 101h - World Civilization I

Unformatted text preview:

HIS 101H 1nd Edition Lecture 9 Outline of Last Lecture I Creation of Greece II Greek government III Persia Outline of Current Lecture IV Continued Current Lecture I Classical Greece and the Hellenistic World A Peloponnesian War Doc 3 6 Athens vs Sparta Athenians successful in first ten years but Sparta helped spark rebellion in Athenian colonies By 413 Athens was defeated badly in Sicily and on defensive Surrendered after fleet was destroyed War marked eclipse of Athenian democracy ruined Greek economy Also see new style scope of war Paved way for later conquest by Philip II B Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Era Philip II r 359 338 BC launches empire from Macedonia Militarily diplomatically skilled he uses combination of mercenaries peasants and cavalry By 338 BC he had created empire with help of Alexander By 333 BC Alexander had defeated Persians in Syria C Expansion Doc 4 1 Egypt falls next and Alexander made Pharaoh Founds one of many Alexandrias Entered Babylon in 331 BC before moving on to India where he is finally beaten These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Spread Hellenistic culture but also recognized need for sensitivity to local customs traditions encouraged intermarriage with native women D Successor States Ptolemies in Egypt Seleucids in Mesopotamia Antigonids in Macedonia Approaches to governance varied but all helped to disseminate Hellenistic culture Locals allowed varying levels of independence and political freedom E Greek Culture Polytheistic but fallible human centered gods There were more esoteric mystery cults but these were less important Middle Eastern influence led to rise of rational scientific reasoning Praised for rational thoughts F Thinker and Movements Doc 3 9 Socrates Rational deduction skepticism Aristotle Ethics moderation Stoics Moral independence denial Plato Reason humans can understand perfect forms and



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