Developmental Psychology: Gender Roles

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Developmental Psychology: Gender Roles

Lecture 8 Notes: includes overview of development of gender roles, nature-nurture issues, gender-role socialization, adolescence, and aging

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University Of Connecticut
Psyc 1103 - General Psychology II (Enhanced)

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PSYC 1103 1st Edition Lecture 8 Outline of Last Lecture I. Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Reasoning a. Heinz’s dilemma b. Preconventional c. Conventional d. Postconventional II. Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development III. Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development a. Trust vs. mistrust b. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt c. Initiative vs. guilt d. Industry vs. inferiority e. Identity vs. role confusion f. Intimacy vs. isolation g. Generativity vs. stagnation h. Integrity vs. despair Outline of Current Lecture I. Development of Gender Roles a. Girls b. Boys II. Nature-nurture issues III. Toys and monkeys a. Alexander & Hines IV. Early gender-role socialization a. Girls b. Boys c. Study d. Parents expectations e. Peer influences f. Self influences V. Gender roles: big issues VI. Adolescence a. Onset of puberty b. Sex hormones c. Social roles change d. Pressure to look towards the future e. Potential problems VII. Aging: physical changes a. Middle adulthood b. Late adulthood Current Lecture I. Development of Gender Roles a. Gender roles: patterns of work, appearance, and behavior that a society associates with being male or female b. Gender roles appear in all cultures, but to different degrees i. Gender role differences correlated with differences in status c. Early differences lead to different developmental trajectories d. Some early gender differences i. Girls 1. Earlier speech 2. Earlier writing 3. Earlier grammar and spelling 4. Long gaze duration adult females (~4 months) 5. Read emotional signs better 6. Higher in empathy 7. More “relational” aggression a. Putting someone in the outside of a social circle instead of physically hurting them ii. Boys 1. Manipulating objects 2. Constructing 3D forms 3. Aggressive, competitive play 4. Riskier behavior 5. More likely to suffer physical injury (2-4x) 6. Dominance in social relations II. Nature-nurture issues a. Gender roles dominated by nature-nurture conception b. Clear effects of biology and social relations c. Hormones, brain organization, anatomy matter d. Socialization matters III. Toys and monkeys a. Boys and girls appear to be attracted to different toys i. Stereotypical toys 1. Girls with Barbie’s 2. Boys with trucks ii. Most explanations center on experience and social forces b. Alexander & Hines (2002) i. Would Vervet monkeys show a similar preference?

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