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Southern Miss PSY 374 - Senario Examples

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PSY 374 1st Edition Lecture 8OUTLINE OF LAST LECTUREI. Scenarios OUTLINE OF CURRENT LECTURE I. Scenarios- Set 1CURRENT LECTUREI. Scenarios- Set 11) Michael, a 4th grader, has not been participating in class discussions much. In an attempt to increase Michael’s participation, Mrs. Jones, his teacher, has made more of an effort to praise Michael when he answers questions by such comments as: “That was an excellent answer, Michael!” “I can tell you were think hard about this problem by that answer…. Great!” In this instance, the teacher is assuming that the praise and comments will operate according to what process? How can she be sure?-Positive reinforcement- she can be sure because she is adding stimulus to increase his frequency.2) Mrs. Jones, a 7th grade teacher, told another teacher in the lounge that she is “fed up with her class’ misbehavior and disrespect.” “From now on I’m going to start using some negative reinforcement. Students who misbehave in my class will have to copy a page from the dictionary.” What, if anything, is wrongwith Mrs. Jones’ statement? What, if you answered that it is incorrect, does she really mean?-Mrs. Jones’ should say she is using positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement means she will add the event or stimulus to make the class behave. If she does negative reinforcement then she would take away something to make them behave.3) Susan, an 11th grader, sassed her mother. As a result, Susan’s mother told Susan she could not speak on the phone for two nights. This is an example of… ?-Removal punishment4) John is the class clown. The teacher knows that John acts silly to get the attention of the other students. The teacher talks to the class one day when john is absent and agrees that in the afternoon, whoever DOES NOT LAUGH atJohn’s silliness, will be allowed 15 minutes extra free time [those that laughwill have to work during that time]. As a result, John’s silly behavior has decreased. By what process has John’s silliness decreased?-Presentation punishment5) Mrs. Watson’s class has been increasingly rowdy. Although she doesn’t like to yell, lately when the talking is excessive she simply “can’t help it” and yells loudly at the class to “be quiet or else..” Mrs. Watson has been yelling more and more lately, and the class does temporarily quiet down. However, despite the temporary relief, the talking has been becoming more frequent over the long run.A) What process might explain Mrs. Watson’s increase in yelling?-Presentation punishmentB) What process might explain the long term increase in talking by the class?-Removal punishment 6) When 4-year-old Amy cannot get her way with her mother, she begins to whine. Amy’s mother finds that if she seats Amy on her lap, pats her head, and gently tries to reason with her, the whining stops. However, Amy’s mother is puzzled because Amy’s whining is getting more frequent.


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