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HOA 106 1st Edition Lecture 8Outline of Last Lecture II. Ideasa. Revolutionb. Revival of Greek and roman Forms III. Napoleon Bonaparte a. David b. Ingresc. CanovaIV. Paris as the New Rome a. Place de la Concordeb. Vignonc. Chalgraind. Percier and FotaineV. Painting a. Davidb. Westc. KaufmannOutline of Current Lecture VI. Americaa. Copleyb. Greenoughc. JeffersonVII. Absolutism & Aristocratic Styles a. Ideas b. The Mogul Empirec. The Ming and Qing Dynasties d. JapanCurrent LectureLecture 2/10/15Neoclassicism continued - America These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.o John Singleton Copley  Self-trained genius, returned to England after the revolution, became known as a history painter Portrait of Paul Revere, oil on canvas - Represents the hero of the revolution as a working man - Shows paul holding silverware - Shows attention to photographic detail  Watson and the Shark, oil on canvas- Depicts an actual event that took place in the Caribbean - Uses antique sculpture as a model - Composed in threes and triangles o Similar to David o Horatio Greenough George Washington, marble - the first president immortalized as a Roman god – Jupiter - Washington only wanted to be president, not king o Thomas Jefferson Third president of the US and founder of the University of Virginia - Wanted to be remembered primarily for UVA - Rotunda, University of Virginia, Charlottesvilleo Modeled after the Pantheon in Rome - He did not want any of his architecture to be represented with any religion o Separation of church and state o No music Absolutism & Aristocratic Styles beyond Europe: India, China, Japan - Ideas o Elements shared with European baroque Unification of the state under an absolute monarch  Large architecture  Wealth concentrated in a small aristocratic class - The Mogul Empire in India o Founded by the Muslim ruler Akbar o Pursued policy of religious tolerance of Hinduism and a large feudal system o The moguls were the wealthiest empire in the world o Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings, 17th Century  Jahangir was the son of Akbar, shown with the English King James 1.  Reflects the influence of European painting and suggests relaxation of Muslim prohibition o The Red Fort, Old Delhi, India, anonymous artist  Palace compound on the scale of Versailleso The Taj Mahal, Agra, India  Built by Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife Mumtaz, who died giving birth.  Exterior of white marble originally studded with delicate floral designs in stones  Fusion of byzantine, muslim, and hindu traditions - The Ming and Qing Dynasties in China o Imperial China  Emperors were “Sons of Heaven”  Social statues achieved through civil service examso The Forbidden City, Ming Dynasty, Beijing, China  Inaccessible to ordinary Chinese citizens until 1925 Symbol of absolute authority  Plan and aerial view of the Forbidden city o Luxury items to serve the court  Porcelain, Flower Vase, Qing Dynasty - Imported by the Dutch into the Netherlands. Silk, Machu style man’s robe, Qing Dynasty  Cloisonne enamel, incense burner, Ming Dynasty o Portrait of Emperor Kangxi Reading, unknown artist Kangxi was a Confucian scholar who ruled china for 60 years  Depicted as a scholar, which was the highest form of social status - Japan, Tokugawa Shogunateo Feudal nationo Society consisted of a warrior elite, the samurai, led by the shogun Shoguns pursued a policy of complete isolation from rest of the world and lead the nation. o Art  Ogata Korin, Irises at Yatsuhashi- Multi paneled screen, bold shapes - Simple forms making a complex statement  Ukiyo prints, Toyokuni 2, Tea Party, Ukiyo-e woodcut - Multiple wood blocks on the same piece of paper - Reflects the growing affluent middle class  Zen philosophy - HakuinEkaku, Two Blind Men Crossing a Log Bridge, ink on paper - Buddhist sect of Zen considers their calligraphic paintings acts of meditation with intense concentration and focus.  Haiku poetry - 17 syllable poem arranged in three lines of


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