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A-State HIST 1023 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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Hist 1023 1st Edition Exam # 1 Study GuideWorld Civ Exam #1 Study Guide: 18 Multiple Choice1. Name one of the major causes of the 30 Years War. - Religion, territory, power2. Name some of the weapons used in the war.- 30 Years War: Pike, matchlock musket, wheel lock musket, doppelhaken- American Revolution War: Brown Bess musket, flintlock, pistols, cannon (bar shot, grape shot), mortars3. Who was it that crossed the Delaware?- George Washington4. Which British general failed twice to capture Washington at the Battle of Princeton?- General Charles Cornwallis5. What type of warfare is the American Revolution considered to be?- Block Style Warfare, British were experts at this style6. Who was the king of England during the American Revolution?- King George the III7. Which British general surrendered at Yorktown?- General Charles Cornwallace8. Gustavus Adolphus founded what empire?- Swedish Empire, King of Sweden9. What was the most commonly issued firearm for British regulars?- Brown Bess Musket10. What is the very first type of firearm mentioned in the powerpoint?- Hand Cannon11. What is a dopplehagen?- large “wall gun”These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.12. What two religions were the major combatants of the 30 Years War?- Protestants and Catholics13. What Treaty ended the 30 Years War?- Treaty of Westphalia, 164814. What Frenchman was considered to be George Washington’s best friend?- Marquis de Lafayette15. Who wrote the pamphlet ‘Common Sense’?- Thomas Paine16. Cannons are named based on what?- Weight of the projectile fired- Example: If a cannon fires a 6 pound cannon ball, it’s called a 6 pound cannon17. What is the first phase of the 30 Years War?- Bohemia & the Palatinate18. What was the most common tactic used in battle?- The most common tactic used was the caracole - a combined cavalry charge assisted by firearms. Eventually this was replaced by a full scale cavalry charge. Such tactics needed well trained and disciplined troops.19. What were two of the major families involved in the 30 Years War?- Rivalry between Royal Families (Hapsburgs & Bourbons)7 Fill In The Blank (Complete Sentences)20. As a result of the 30 Years War, Sweden and France gained lands in what countries? - Germany21. What general during the 30 Years War is credited with revolutionizing warfare?- Gustavus Adolphus22. Which city was sacked by Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly?- Magdeburg23. Which imperial defeat led to negotiations that ended the 30 Years War?- Rocroi, French defeated the Spanish in the Netherlands at this battle 24. Define limited warfare.- Less than a nation’s total resources restricted and aimed to less than total defeat and resisted to a small area of the world involving a few countries. It uses less than a country’s total economy and limited in area, involving a few nations of the world. (Less than total defeat of the enemy, less than a country’s total economy, and less than the whole world involved)25. Define center of gravity.- The one thing a military force cannot survive without. Most important aspect of any military force.26. What was the Colonial Army’s Center of Gravity? - George Washington and the Continental Army itself.27. In what country was the primary side and most of the fighting in the war?- GermanyBonus: Dec of Causes and Grievances of Taking Up


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