New version page

UO ACTG 211 - ch06r

Documents in this Course
Quiz 1

Quiz 1

5 pages

ch08r

ch08r

28 pages

ch09r

ch09r

29 pages

ch10r

ch10r

45 pages

ch11r

ch11r

35 pages

ch12r

ch12r

36 pages

ch12r

ch12r

36 pages

ch11r

ch11r

35 pages

ch10r

ch10r

45 pages

ch09r

ch09r

29 pages

ch08r

ch08r

28 pages

ch05r

ch05r

46 pages

ch04r

ch04r

52 pages

ch03r

ch03r

49 pages

ch02r

ch02r

32 pages

ch01r

ch01r

29 pages

Load more

This preview shows page 1-2-3-18-19-37-38-39 out of 39 pages.

View Full Document
View Full Document

End of preview. Want to read all 39 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a GradeBuddy member to access this document.

View Full Document
Unformatted text preview:

Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kimmel, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-1 CHAPTER 6 Reporting and Analyzing Inventory ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. Agree. Effective inventory management is frequently the key to successful business operations. Management attempts to maintain sufficient quantities and types of goods to meet expected customer demand. It also seeks to avoid the cost of carrying inventories that are clearly in ex-cess of anticipated sales. 2. Inventory items have two common characteristics: (1) they are owned by the company and (2) they are intended to be sold to customers in the ordinary course of business. 3. Just-in-time inventory management is the practice of manufacturing or purchasing inventory “just-in-time” to fill a sales order. Since inventory quantities are kept at very low amounts, just-in-time man-agement reduces the costs associated with carrying inventory as well as the risk of obsolescence. 4. Taking a physical inventory involves actually counting, weighing, or measuring each kind of inventory on hand. Retailers, such as hardware stores, generally have thousands of different items to count. This is normally done when the store is closed. Jill will probably count items and mark the quantity, description, and inventory number on prenumbered inventory tags. 5. (a) (1) The goods will be included in Millar Company’s inventory if the terms of sale are FOB destination. (2) The goods will be included in Branyan Corporation’s inventory if the terms of sale are FOB shipping point. (b) Millar Company should include goods shipped to a consignee in its inventory. Goods held by Millar Company on consignment should not be included in inventory. 6. Inventoriable costs are $3,015 (invoice cost $3,000 + freight charges $75 − purchase discounts $60). 7. The primary basis of accounting for inventories is cost in accordance with the historical cost principle. The major objective of accounting for inventories is the proper determination of net income in accordance with the expense recognition principle. 8. Actual physical flow may be impractical because many items are indistinguishable from one another. Actual physical flow may be inappropriate because management may be able to manipu-late net income through specific identification of items sold. 9. The major advantage of the specific identification method is that it tracks the actual physical flow of the goods available for sale. The major disadvantage is that management could manipulate net income. 10. No. Selection of an inventory costing method is a management decision. However, once a method has been chosen, it should be consistently applied. 11. (a) FIFO, (b) Average-cost, (c) LIFO.Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kimmel, Financial Accounting, 7/e, Solutions Manual (For Instructor Use Only) 6-3 Questions Chapter 6 (Continued) 12. Long Company is using the FIFO method of inventory costing, and Windsor Company is using the LIFO method. Under FIFO, the latest goods purchased remain in inventory. Thus, the inventory on the balance sheet should be close to current costs. The reverse is true of the LIFO method. Long Company will have the higher gross profit because cost of goods sold will include a higher proportion of goods purchased at earlier (lower) costs. 13. Espinosa Corporation may experience severe cash shortages if this policy continues. All of its net income is being paid out as dividends, yet some of the earnings must be reinvested in inventory to maintain inventory levels. Some earnings must be reinvested because net income is computed with cost of goods sold based on older, lower costs while the inventory must be replaced at current, higher costs. Because of this factor, net income under FIFO is sometimes referred to as including “phantom profits.” In addition, Espinosa is also depleting cash more quickly under FIFO because FIFO results in higher income tax payments. 14. George is partially correct. In a period of inflation, FIFO produces higher net income because the lower unit costs of the first units purchased is matched against revenues. A switch from LIFO to FIFO will thus produce higher net income and a larger bonus for George, which he perceives as being “better off”. It is more difficult to determine if the company would be “better off” if it used FIFO instead of LIFO. Using FIFO would mean higher reported income and higher inventory values which investors usually interpret as “better” results. On the other hand, the higher net income reported with FIFO would mean higher bonus and income tax expenses. Since both of these items require cash, switching to FIFO may leave the company with an inadequate amount of cash to meet normal operating needs. 15. When prices are increasing, LIFO results in higher cost of goods sold, and lower income relative to FIFO. Because LIFO income is lower the company pays lower taxes, which results in higher cash flows. The quality of earnings ratio is net cash provided by operating activities divided by income. The use of LIFO will increase the numerator (net cash provided by operating activities) and decrease the denominator (net income), both of which increase the value of the ratio. 16. Tootsie Roll uses LIFO for U.S. inventories and FIFO for foreign inventories. LIFO is not allowed in most countries outside the U.S., therefore Tootsie Roll uses a different method for foreign inventories. 17. Alison should know the following: (a) A departure from the cost basis of accounting for inventories is justified when the value of the goods is no longer as great as its cost. The writedown to market should be recognized in the period in which the price decline occurs. (b) Market means current replacement cost, not selling price. For a merchandising company, market is the cost at the present time from the usual suppliers in the usual quantities. 18. Rondeli Music Center should report the TVs at $350 each for a total of $1,750. $350 is the current replacement cost under the lower-of-cost-or-market (LCM) basis of accounting for inventories. A decline in replacement cost usually leads to a decline in the selling price of the item. Valuation


View Full Document
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view ch06r and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view ch06r and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?