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UT Knoxville HIST 262 - october 15 - lecture 3 after exam 1

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Europe’s “isms” and the Road to World War IOctober 15, 2013-missing oct 3 and 8-Focus Questions:How did European rulers hope to restore order and stability to the continent after the fall of Napoleon? What challenges did they face?What were the long term and short term causes of world war I? RealpolitikEntente- European rulers want to restore the old order bnefore the French revolutionaries fucked everything up- European rulers come together at the congress of ViennaKlemens von Metternich and the Congress of ViennaThe congress of Vienna restores monarchy all over EuropeMetternich and his people present Conservatism- Absolute obedience to - Religion is important- They hated political uprsing- They did not accept the enlightenment idea that representative governments were necessaryEurope is dominated by these conservative forces for a while- They were interested in keeping the peace- These people created the “concert” of Europe.- People came together to make sure Europe was heading down the right peaceful track- They practiced “intervention” – to prevent monarchies in other countries from being over thrwn by revolts-Conservatism was not the only political thing right nowThreats to conservatism--- Liberalismo They like the enlightenmento Equality before the law, freedom of speecho Believe laws need to be documented in things like the bill of rightso They believed in lassiezfaireo And the representation of people – through lawo Liberals support from middle classes most Nationalism- The awareness of being part of a community, that has common customs and culture- Nationalism appears - Nationilists believe each nationality should have its own representative govt- This is a threat to the congress of Vienna cause they wanted to create borders in countries-First part of 1800s nationalism and liberalism are allies, now tho nationalism kinda like conservativeNationalism and liberalism creat revolutions In 1850s there are confrontations, there are territorial disputs, the countries in the concert of Europe will no longer be so strong with their allies after these revolutuionsThis leads to the unification of two countries – Italy and GermanyItalian Unification: Camillo di Cavour(north) and Giuseppe Garibaldi(south)Cavour Prime minister of piedmont, he builds uo their armies and then secures a military alliance with france…a much more powerful country that Piedmont-he then starts a war with Austria, together they defeat Austria-For the revolutionaries, Dot dot dotIn 1861 the unified nation of ItalyTriple alliance: Austria Germany, italy, and idk………The triple entente: farance, great bitian, and russia– as of 1907Asutria hungary moved into boasnea 29:27Russia mobilizes for war against Austria Schlieffen Plan 35:00The rapid conquering of france and Russia,Causes of World War I acronym - MANIAMilitarianism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for warAlliances – agreements between nations to aid and protect one anotherNationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s countryImperialism p when one country takes over another country economicalleyAssassination- murder of Austrian archduke franz


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