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UT Knoxville HIST 262 - October 31

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Thursday October 31, 2013World War 2: The military ExperienceFocus Q:What were the goals of the axis power?How and why did warfare change between WWI and WWII?Why did the allies win?Allies = Canada, I. Rhineland, Austria, and the SudetentlandII. Hitler Invades Polanda. The agreement between b. The appeasement of hitlerendsc. If hitler invades Poland, britian and france they will go to ward. September first 1939, first day of ww2 britian and france declare war on GermanyIII. The axis Nations a. Germany, Italy, and JapanIV. Nazi Germany – Lebensraum – Living Spacea. The Arriane Race deserves plenty of living space, resources, and spaceto expand, what hitler believesFacist Italy: Mare Nostrum (our sea) Moussulini resurrects this termThe sea = the mediterranianMussolini wanted the sea to be an Italian lakeAnything that touches the mediter musoll. WantsImperial Japan: The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity SphereThe removal of Europeans from their space“An asia for Asians” more likely the “Asia for Japanese”Chase the Europeans away and liberate the AsiansInstead of liberator they actually just take the place of imperialistic dominatorIn early 1900s won war against china and began to expandBy 1937 japan and china are officialy at warSome believe this to be the start of ww2 This is during war of Germany vs polandJapan sets sights US has colonial holdings in Phillapians When japan starts moving south, the US says japan has to return to your original borders or go to war with usHave to give up imperialistic dreams or go to warThey decide to go to war w USALL three of these axis nations just want to expandThey also all see war as something that should be embrassed and exciting. They thought that it would wash all of the impurities of modern life. If you go to war and win your nation will be better. “War was something that gave the strong a way to triumph over the weak, it shoukd not be avoided” War changes in a 20 year periodThis war is even bloodier than worl war 1No body wanted another world war one, however no one agrees on how to change itHitlers desire for land, but the desire for not a drawn out war – this adapted a new form of war… “Blitzkrieg” (Lightning war) Tanks would come in and press further in, then ground troops, all the while the german air forces are attacking military bases and etcThis is a fast moving attack that relied on all three of thesePoland is powerless to stop this and surrenders in a month3 reasons- war w 2 not like ww 11. Different lessons learned from world war one2. The different goals of the allies and axis powers3. Technological advancementsFRANCE AND GERMANYHave no territorial ambitionsThey assume a defense mechanismFrance builds the “Maginot Line” a massive, awe inspiring defense system wall. They intended to build something that would intimidate the germansHowever the wall was outdated and they only lined it on the german borderHitler invades from Belgium and pushes all the allies out of western euroHe has now conquered west europFrance is knocked out of the warIn 1940 all standing against hitler is Great Brit.Hitler is eager to invade and knock them outHe realizes to invade he must destry the british/royal air forceBattle of Britian july- oct 1940Hitlers group tries to destroy great b.’s ability to fight by doing thisAs great brit. Is being attacked the british air force drops bombs on berlin Psychologically hitler is furious they dropped bombs on his capitalHitler decides to target the capitals and british civilians and drop bombs thereThis gives the air force time to regroup and not be bombedBy oct 1940 the brit. Air force is backBrit. Defeats hitler clearlyThis set back to hitler is softened by german advances else wahere in the worldHitlers ally Mussolini, sends his armys into regions in north Africa, trying to conquermed. TerritioriesHowever, the Italian army is not very great, however they almost get defeated.Itlay was losing- Germany turns it aroundHitler comes in to north Africa and soon finds himself with this landHitlers mood at the time is “Victory Euphoria”Operation Barbarossa (June 1941)Hitler begins now the time is right to invade russiaEven though he has a good rel. and understanding w stalin he will invade MAJORLY, invades like never seen in the worldHitler states “you only have to kick in the door and the whole rotten structure will fall”By December 1941, the Germany is right outside the soviet capital, the Nazis could be close to victoryNEW TECHNOLOGYWeapons first used in ww1 were tanks and airplanes???**However in ww2 RECORDING*15 mins – Axis Expansion (Early 1942)18:48 recordingAxis powers demodrnize___________________Germany advances further in north Africa and great britianNow that the US has been brought into the war, hitler begins losing leewayThe allied forces are basically just great britian, us’s help is a relief to themIn May 1943 the north African chatper in the war ends. Battle of Stalingrad (April 1942- feb 1943)2 million people dieHitler, regardless what his advisors say continues to startthis battle. This is one of the bloodiest wars and bruttle ever. The distinction between soldier and civilian becomes vage. In Novemeber, between this, the soviets attack the german army. They want to retreat a little bit, but hitler demands they stand and fight.The german army is forced to surrender in nov 1943Stalingrad is a turning point in the warThe soviets will be advancing and Nazi’s retreating. Hitler lost north Africa, the allies invade mussolinis Italy – hitler has to send troops there, A far more significant set back for hitler, D-Day (June 1944) The allies secure a toe hold in france, the first time they have been in Europe in years.From this point on hitler is caught in a vice, on the west he is being advanced by American nad british troopsIn the east he is being attacked by the soviet unionHe moves into a bunker in berlinIn april the soviet union arrives in berlin, there is a battle for berlin going on above hitler. When it becomes obvious that the soviet union will defeat Germany, hitler commits suicideIn may 1945 germany surrendersJapan and Europe wars still continueIn june 1942, the Japanese army sets its sights on an island controlled by usMidway Island – “Battle of Midway” (June 1942)For the most part it is now Japanese retreating and allies advanceing The allies hop from island to island north toward mainland asiaAllied forces learn the hard way the japanaese fight


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