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UT Knoxville HIST 262 - oct 22

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Concerned with why Europe went to africeThe ind rev stimulates an aggressive attack to africa- rubber tin and something?Its essential self intrest – reason for going to AfricaHe Europeans had multipl advantagesMilitary PoliticalAnd cultural – were trying to spead the “European idea”Achieved this with TOOLS Sucha s RR machine guns and steam shipsAn ex of this is the battle of moudron2 to 1 advantage of sudan side but sudan loses because of technologythe outbreak of the ind revolution is the desire for Africa by eurosnatural resources - Rubber was a forced labor in defacto A concentration camp surrounded around slaves working to produce rubberTwo approaches to rule by Europeans that wan to colonizeIndirectLet the African leader to stay in office but force euro ruleDirect Strip the African rulers and replace w euro – presence of euro rulers strongerBecause of two ways there is a resisttance mvmen of AfricansBut problem – it is spiratic and uncoordinatesReason – huge land mass – too difficult to coordinateAnd its diverse in that Africa has so many countries and culturesIndian old and brit military in india creae tension Indians commiting sacralidgePeasents join indiaTHE ENFIELD RIFFLEThe riffle is greased with animal fat to release bullet this goes against the Indian soldiers and the british military rebel Sepoy rebellion leads to trying to get rid of the british The Inerefernce of the neglish and trad believes of the indian peope is seen as a threat to their religions – the riffle is example - hinduJoin the indian rebellionThe british Colonization and Resistance in Africa (and India) - weeks later w ghandiLecture notes for Tuesday October 22, 2013 Is recorded Focus Questions: What motivations did European powers have for overseas colonization?In what ways did European powers solidify their control over colonized peoples/regions?Have to do w Africa – example is indiaIndustrial revolution has stimulating affect on europes want to have over seas ssSlide-1Battle of Omdurman (1898)Takes place in Sudan – AfricaHave a 2 o 1 advantage and the 8,0Oo briish and 50,000 sudansudan die due to superior milit tech 5 hoursSlide-2The “scramble of Africa” (1880-1914)European claims in Africa 1914Slide-3King Leopold 2nd and the Belgian CongoIndirect rule African leaders aallowed to stay in office and enforce European ruleDirect ruleThey strip African rulers of powerResistant movement appearsSlide – 4 Enfield rifle and the sepoy rebellion (1857)Will erupt in the sepoy rebellionThe scramble for AfricaEuropeans want their natural


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