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UT Knoxville HIST 262 - Lecture November 26

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Lecture November 26, 2013Types of Fundamentalists:1) Those who maintain a separation between their religion and their nonreligion activities (work, hobbies, socialization, etc).2) Those who attempt to adapt their work and lifestyles to their religious techings, including participating peacefuly in society and politics, and who advocate narrowingor even closing the gap between church and state.a. Such as keeping prayer out of schools3) Those who do the above AND sympathize with (although they do not participate in) acts of violence and terrorisma. The Christian Identity Movementi. A rascist interpretation of christianityii. Eric ryan Rudolphiii. Bombed the Atlanta Olympics iv. Dudes responsible for bombing abortion clinics and lesbian barsv. Says his motivations were religious, working for the bibleb. after ww1 muslim violent mvmentsi. Sayyid Qutbii. Europeans drew the borders of the middle east, installed leaders, political parties like europes, forced islam into the backburneriii. Western films music clothes became popular, esp to the young peopleiv. Some Islamic people talk of a golden age when things were like they used to be1. Say western powers are exploiting them for resources like oilv. establishement of israel, carved out of lands owned by muslims1. intellectual person in charge of militant violent movement against all this is Sayyid2. he sees the world through a lens of conflivt3. hated secularism, nationalism, capitalism, and democracy4. is executed in the ‘60’s, but his ideas live on through writing, 5. Osama Bin Ladin is his followerc. Jewish fundamentalist violencei. After formation of state of Israel, Israel is jewish state surrounded by Islamic ii. “jews are gods chosen people” jewish fundamentalists believe the coming of the messiah is on the wayiii. b4 he can though they must return to the promise landiv. that jews who have embraced western beliefs neeed to give it up and come homev. “Gush Emunium” (“Bloc of the Faithful”) right wing group adovcates for the establishemnts of jewish settelements. vi. Want their lands back that was in the torah promised to the jews by godvii. These areas they want back are in ares that lots of violence occursviii. Jews believe they should not have to share their land with islamicix. Gun men kill because they don’t think peace between Islamic and jewish people should be a goalx. Suicide bombings on both sidesd. hidduism a loose collection of religionsi. India has a history of being under someone elses thumbii. A colonial regioniii. Western coporations have large regional manufacturing stuff inindia iv. Certain jobs go to india, tech supportv. A qrtr of a million Indians answering phones for western cooperationsvi. Western foods, movies, dress, etc taken up by ppl working for these communititesvii. 8% of population now Christianviii. father of fundamental hinnduism, hindu racial purity, Madhav Golwalkarix. no separation of church and state, those of other faiths need to make peace with being second class citizensx. he dies, his followers carry these ideas to violent extremesxi.e. all focused against other people within faith that don’t share fundamentalist views, all want a golden age back to what they perceive to be the golden days, all point to some sort of conspiracy, that they are under attack from those in and outside of their own religious tradition that are trying to take 4) Those who commit acts of violence and terrorism to further their beliefsViolent and religious


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