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TAMU ALED 340 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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ALED 340 1st EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 - 6Lecture 1 (January 21st)What are the 6 P’s of Leadership?Purpose – knowing what you want and having resilience, courage, and wisdom to pursueit. People – surround yourself with people who are smarter than you and can balance out your weaknesses and strengthsPassion – undivided devotionPerformance – going full force, having A execution even if you have a B strategyPersistence – “failure is not a game-changer”, continue trying even if you failParanoia – always anticipating what will happen next and how you can make your strategy bigger and betterLecture 2 (January 26th)What is the difference between a leader and leadership?“Leader” is an adjective and describes a person. This person is often, but not always in the spotlight, and often initiate and maintain relationships with their followers. A leader affects and is affected by their followers. “Leadership” is an adverb and describes an action. Leadership is a process that involves influence, occurs within a group context, and attends to a common goal (leader and follow have mutual purpose). According to Northouse, leadership is necessary to improve lives. Leadership is an interactive event, which means it is available to everyone.What are the different leadership theories? Trait vs. Process LeadershipTrait: suggests certain individuals have innate or inborn qualities that make them a leaderProcess: suggests leadership is a process and makes it available to everyone (leadership can be learned)Assigned vs. Emergent LeadershipAssigned: leadership based on occupying a position in an organizationEmergent: leadership based on follower response and is generally earned (may omay not ever acquire title)What is the relationship between leadership and power? Power is related to leadership because of the influence process. People have power when they have the ability to affect other’s beliefs, attitudes, and actions. There are two kinds of power.Position power: power of a person derived from a particular office or rank in a formal organization. Personal power: influence capacity a leader derives from being seen by followers as likable and knowledgeableWhat is the relationship between leadership and coercion?Coercive power is one of the powers available to leaders. Coercion involves the use of force to effect change, such as threats, blackmail, punishments, etc. Coercion and leadership are different and help distinguish the difference between Hitler, who used coercion, and a positive leader who influenced followers toward a common goal.Lecture 3 (January 28th)What is plagiarism and how did Dr. Jen explain plagiarism in lecture?Plagiarism is using someone else’s ideas without giving credit, turning in someone’s workas your own, making up sources, resubmitting the same paper to different professors without permission, and copying and pasting. Dr. Jen explained plagiarism using the songIce Ice Baby and Under Pressure to show how both songs sounded so similar that the artists sued to get credit.What is APA Format?There are three formats for APA format. When using a direct quotation, include the pagenumber. When using paraphrased information (same info, different words), include the author and date. When using summarized information (taking several concepts and summarizing their content), include the author and date. What are the keys to delivering an effective speech?Know your audience: who and how many? Ages, interests? Format? Question and answer session? Will it be recorded?Know your subject: no substitute for knowledge of the subject, reduces stress, and allows for more effective Q&A sessionHave a clear goal: organize your presentation around itPrepare thoroughly: requires your time, effort, and preparation; if you fail to plan, you plan to failTips and Tricks: be prepared, your appearance, look them in the eye, smile, and gesturesVoice: use vocal variety, effective pauses, articulate, and avoid fillersWhat are the top 10 ways to overcome the fear of public speaking?Know your audience wants you to succeedIt’s not a speech, it’s an opportunityBelieve in yourselfEnvision successControl nervous responsesChannel your nervousness into enthusiasmRehearse and time your speechFake eye contactDon’t sweat the small mistakesKnow it gets easierLecture 4 (February 2nd)What are the 9 traits?Locus of Control – taking responsibility for actions. Saying “I didn’t set my alarm” vs. “Myalarm didn’t go off”Integrity – does what they say they are going to doFlexibility – ability to roll with the punches, ability to work around obstaclesSensitivity to Others – from a personal point of view; someone who can focus on the task and relationships simultaneouslyIntelligence – smart person, but not too smart because some really smart people tend tolack people skillsStability – emotionally stable, able to work through problems without freaking outSelf-Confidence – understand who they are and are comfortable in their own skinDominance – someone who can walk into a room and command a presence (can be a quiet or strong dominance)High-energy – passionate about what they do which takes a lot of energyWhat are the Big 5?Openness to Experience – intellectually curious, variety, change agent (can see change and bring people along with it), imaginative, originalConscientiousness – credible, organized, drive for success, hardworkingExtraversion – sociable, assertive, positive energy, activeAgreeableness – easy going, compassionate, friendly, trusting, and lenientNeuroticism – anxious, temperamental, emotional, loyalHow does the Big 5 correlate with the 9 traits?Openness to Experience – internal locus of control, intelligence, flexibilityConscientiousness – self confidence, integrityExtraversion – high energy, dominanceAgreeableness – sensitivity to othersNeuroticism – stability What does Carl Jung say about personality types?There are four dimension when looking at personality: Where a person derives their energy (internally or externally- extraversion vs introversion). The way in which a person gathers information (precise, sequential way or more intuitive and random – seeing vs. intuitive) The way in which a person makes decision (rationally and factually in a subjective, personal way – thinking vs. feeling). The difference between a person who is organized and makes plans or a person who is spontaneous and pliant (judging vs.


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