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CU Denver HIST 3121 - Inroductions to 5 of 10 leading countries before WWI

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HIST 3121 1st Edition Lecture 3Outline of Last Lecture I. French socialismII. MarxismIII. ImperialismIV. Anti-imperialismV. Demographics Outline of current lectureI. Great BritainII. ItalyIII. GermanyIV. Austo-Hungarian EmpireV. FranceLecture-I. Great Britain-a. Constitutional monarchy and Empireb. Early 20th century: increasing liberal/labour movement for welfare statec. 1906: the “people’s budget” (D.L. George)d. The leading industrial and Imperial power in the 18th and 19th centurye. Largest navy to protect possessions and tradef. In 1914 BG was 70% of commercial shipping of the worldg. Thought they would be great in “Splendid Isolation”h. INDIA is crucial for tradei. 1899-02: Boer war in South Africai. Convinces GB to look for alliesII. Italy-These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.a. Quiseppe Mazzini and others dream of unifying Italian city-statesb. 1859-60: The north and south drive for unificationc. Italy establishes a Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchyd. A Minor industrial and imperial power (no real empire)e. Italians sell guns to Ethiopia f. Then tries to capture Ethiopia, but fails!III. Germanya. 1834: Zollverein- a trade houseb. 1853: “economic Germany”- Germany is economically working together even though it is very separated.c. Austo-Prussian War (1866)d. Franco-Prussian War (1870)e. 1883: protectionism, tariffs; social security, national healthcare, and pensions to win workers.f. 1884/85 Berlin conferencei. Plan to take Togo, Cameroons and SW Africag. 1888 William II (1888-1918)i. Pro-expansionsIV. Austo-Hungarian Empirea. Hapsburg Monarchy (Austria)b. Had close tie to Germanyc. 1867: compromise creates the dual monarchyi. Viennaii. Budapestd. Army trains in 11 different languagesi. Not very organizede. 1897: language ordinance- Austria allowed the common language in some areas to become the dominant language.i. The Germans revoltedf. In WWI the capital collapsesV. France-a. 1871- Paris communei. A group of people who destroy thingsii. These people were executed by a firing squadb. 1871- 3rd republic established.i. Legalized trade unionsii. Compulsory educationc. 1870-90s- France acquires colonies in Indochina and NW Africad. Major European power, but not as industrialized as GB, Germany or


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