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MUSIC 0311 1st Edition Lecture 8 Outline of Last Lecture I. TaikoII. Matsuri-bayashi (“festival music”)III. Matsuri (“festival”)IV. ObonV. Bon odori and bon daikoVI. Contemporary Taiko PerformanceOutline of Current Lecture I. The Silk RoadII. Musical Instruments and The Silk RoadIII. BiwaIV. PipaV. OudVI. Extra InformationCurrent LectureThe Silk RoadThe Silk Road was a series of trade routes. It was called the Silk Road because Chinese silk was one of the major goods traded along these routes. However, it was more than just a trade route—Christianity and Buddhism spread because of the Silk RoadMusical Instruments and The Silk RoadOne of the instruments that traveled along the Silk Road was a string instrument called a Luet. The most common type of a Luet is a pear shaped Luet.BiwaA Biwa is a Luet in Japan. It came from the 8th century C.E. and was part of the extended Silk Road. A Biwa is not just used for court music—it is also used for Buddhist religious rights. Buddhist monks play them and there was even a sub-sect of blind Buddhist bonks that played These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.the Biwa. Biwa music told popular stories and is played sitting down with the instrument held upright. It is plucked with a big fan like instrument. Biwa music can have singing.PipaA Pipa is another type of Luet that was taken to Japan from china and became the Biwa. Pipa was originally the term for a plucked Luet, but now it is the term for a pear-shaped Luet. Pipas came to China from farther west. Pipa’s can be used for accompaniment for narrative singing, part of an ensemble, or a solo performance. One Biwa performance is called “White Snow in a Sunny Spring”. This piece does not have narrative singing but does have a narrative element in it. A Pipa is played sitting down, held upright, and is plucked with one’s fingers.OudAn Oud is also a Luet but is a Persian instrument. It is a modern descendent of the instrument that also lead to the development of the Pipa. Oud’s can be found back to 5,000 years ago. Guitars are descendants of the Oud. The Oud is primarily a solo instrument but can also be usedas part of an ensemble. The Oud is held like a guitar and a pick is used to play. The neck of the Oud is bent. Pieces can use taqsim and maqam hijaz. Taqsim is an instrumental solo that is improvised. Maqam hijaz is similar to raga in Indian music because it dictates the pitches that can be used, what order the pitches can be used, and what ornaments can be used. Extra InformationThe Silk Road Ensemble has a piece called “Ascending


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