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UI CSD 3112 - Respiratory System Anatomy 1

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FrameworkPrinciple components areVertebral (spinal) columnRib cagePelvic girdlePectoral girdleTorso (to twist) – vertebral column + rib cage + pelvisVertebral ColumnCervical (7)Thoracic (12)Lumbar (5)Sacral (5)Coccygeal (3-4)32-33 vertebra in allVertebraCorpusPedicleArticular facetNeural archTransverse processSpinous processCervical VertebraC1-C7C1—referred to as the “atlast”supports the skullC2—referred as the “axis”Forms pivot around which C1 and skull can rotateC7—conspicuous spinous processThoracic VertebraT1-T12Have articular facet on transverse processes for attachment of ribsLumbar vertebraL1-L5Larger, as serve weightbearing roleSacral VertebraS1-S5Fused together to form single structure called the sacrumCoccygeal Vertebra3 or 4 coccygeal vertebra fused together to form single structure called the coccyxNormal Spinal CurvesFrom top to bottomCervicalThoracicLumbarCoccygealAbnormal Spinal CurvesKyphotic spineScobiotic spineLordosis of the spine (exaggerated lumbar curve)SternumManubriumBodyXiphoid processRib cage12 pair107 connect directly to sternum via costal cartilage8-11 connect to costal cartilages of superior ribs11 and 12 have no anterior attachmentPelvic GirdleIliac crestSacroiliac jointIliumIschiumAcetabulumPubisIschial tuberosityPubic symphysisPectoral GirdleClavicleScapulaCSD 3112 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture I. Sliding Filament TheoryII. Force Generationa. Tensionb. PrinciplesIII. Muscle Activitya. Electromyographic signalsb. Signal conditioningOutline of Current Lecture IV. FrameworkV. Vertebral ColumnVI. Different Types of VertebraVII. Spinal Curvesa. Normalb. AbnormalVIII. Sternum IX. Rib cageX. Pelvic GirdleXI. Pectoral GirdleCurrent Lecture Framework- Principle components areThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.o Vertebral (spinal) columno Rib cageo Pelvic girdleo Pectoral girdle- Torso (to twist) – vertebral column + rib cage + pelvis Vertebral Column- Cervical (7)- Thoracic (12)- Lumbar (5)- Sacral (5)- Coccygeal (3-4)- 32-33 vertebra in all Vertebra- Corpus- Pedicle- Articular facet- Neural arch- Transverse process- Spinous process Cervical Vertebra- C1-C7- C1—referred to as the “atlast”o supports the skull- C2—referred as the “axis”o Forms pivot around which C1 and skull can rotate- C7—conspicuous spinous process Thoracic Vertebra- T1-T12- Have articular facet on transverse processes for attachment of ribsLumbar vertebra- L1-L5- Larger, as serve weightbearing role Sacral Vertebra- S1-S5- Fused together to form single structure called the sacrum Coccygeal Vertebra- 3 or 4 coccygeal vertebra fused together to form single structure called the coccyx Normal Spinal Curves- From top to bottomo Cervicalo Thoracico Lumbaro CoccygealAbnormal Spinal Curves- Kyphotic spine- Scobiotic spine - Lordosis of the spine (exaggerated lumbar curve)Sternum- Manubrium- Body- Xiphoid process Rib cage- 12 pair- 107 connect directly to sternum via costal cartilage- 8-11 connect to costal cartilages of superior ribs- 11 and 12 have no anterior attachment Pelvic Girdle- Iliac crest- Sacroiliac joint- Ilium- Ischium- Acetabulum- Pubis- Ischial tuberosity- Pubic symphysis Pectoral Girdle- Clavicle-


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