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UM PSYX 348 - Family Violence

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myth: family violence sometimes happens and it is not a big deal“sometimes people lose control and need to vent. Their family is there to bear the burden”losing control with a stranger is not okay, so why is it okay with your family?Myth: minor acts of family violence are always trivial and inconsequentialWhat effect does witnessing parents push each other around or fighting siblings have?While this is debated, research supports that this type of behavior sets an unhealthy example and model for childrenSpillover effect“legitimate” vs. “illegitimate” violenceis it ever okay to be violent?What messages do we get when violence is legitimate?Examples of socially acceptable violenceProtection of someone/oneselfThe more frequently some forms of “legitimate” violence are condoned the more likely “illegitimate” violence is to occurInstrumental vs. expressive violenceInstrumental: violence use as a means of stopping unwanted behavior (punishment)Expressive: violence used for the purpose of expressing angerUsed in conjunction with the ideas of legitimate and illegitimateLegitimate-instrumental violence- e.g., spanking?Legitimate-expressive violence- e.g., siblings hitting one another?Illegitimate-instrumental violence- e.g., beating a child to teach them a lessonIllegitimate-expressive- e.g., most commonly recognized as abuseMyth: alcohol and drugs are the cause of family violenceNo causationVast majority of men who drink do not hit their partnersAbusive people are abusive whether intoxicated or soberOnly 1 in 4 instances of family violence has alcohol involvedBinge drinkers are 2 times more likely to be violent than non-drinkersAlcohol and drugs do not explain family violence, but are correlatedMyth: violence and love are incompatibleJust because there is violence does not mean that the family does not experience good times and share affectionAbusive relationships average an abusive experience every other monthwhat is happening between these episodes?What is discovering?Social constructionism: the process by which social conditions become social problemsSocial conditions become redefined as problemsClaims makers: members of an interested group who express concern for the problem publiclyResults in the “discovery” of the problem by the publicDifferent problems are discovered in different culturesClaims makers may use different research evidence to support their causeHISTORY: child maltreatmentChild physical abuse was one of the first forms to be recognizedChild sexual abuse was more complicated; some cultures view sexual interactions with children as commonplaceChild neglect and psychological maltreatment more recently recognized as equal to other forms of abuseChildren originally viewed as having little valueInfanticide was commonly practiced until about 1800The US currently has the highest infanticide fate of all higher economy nationsHouse of refuge movement in early 1800s often credited with being the US’s first recognition of child abuse1874 society for the prevention of cruelty to childrencase of Mary Ellen brought by Etta wheelerSuffrage movement and child movement of the early 1900s added to the causeresulted in child protection statues being passed by many statedFull recognition: Dr. Henry Kempe’s “battered child syndrome”Led to 1974 passing of Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment ActAbuse patterns; certain injuries, signs etc.Medical fieldPSYX 348 1st Edition Lecture 2Outline of Last Lecture I. History and definitionsII. Myths about family violenceOutline of Current Lecture II. Myths about family violence cont.a. Family violence sometimes happens and its not a big dealb. Minor acts of family violence are always trivial and inconsequential c. Alcohol and drugs are the cause of family violenced. Violence and love are incompatible III. Intro to discovering family violencea. What is discovering?i. Social constructionismii. Claims makersIV. History of child maltreatment Current Lecture- myth: family violence sometimes happens and it is not a big dealo “sometimes people lose control and need to vent. Their familyis there to bear the burden”o losing control with a stranger is not okay, so why is it okay with your family?- Myth: minor acts of family violence are always trivial and inconsequential o What effect does witnessing parents push each other around or fighting siblings have? While this is debated, research supports that this type ofbehavior sets an unhealthy example and model for childreno Spillover effect “legitimate” vs. “illegitimate” violenceThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute. is it ever okay to be violent? What messages do we get when violence is legitimate? Examples of socially acceptable violence- Protection of someone/oneself  The more frequently some forms of “legitimate” violence are condoned the more likely “illegitimate” violence is to occur Instrumental vs. expressive violence- Instrumental: violence use as a means of stopping unwanted behavior (punishment)- Expressive: violence used for the purpose of expressing anger- Used in conjunction with the ideas of legitimate and illegitimate o Legitimate-instrumental violence- e.g., spanking?o Legitimate-expressive violence- e.g., siblings hitting one another?o Illegitimate-instrumental violence- e.g., beating a child toteach them a lessono Illegitimate-expressive- e.g., most commonly recognized as abuse- Myth: alcohol and drugs are the cause of family violenceo No causationo Vast majority of men who drink do not hit their partnerso Abusive people are abusive whether intoxicated or sobero Only 1 in 4 instances of family violence has alcohol involved Binge drinkers are 2 times more likely to be violent thannon-drinkerso Alcohol and drugs do not explain family violence, but are correlatedMyth: violence and love are incompatibleo Just because there is violence does not mean that the family does not experience good times and share affectiono Abusive relationships average an abusive experience every other month what is happening between these episodes? What is discovering? Social constructionism: the process by which social conditions become social problems- Social conditions become redefined as problems  Claims makers: members of an interested group who express concern for the problem publicly -


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