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UA CL 222 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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CL 222 1st EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 - 7MYTH TEST ONE STUDY GUIDE STUDY QUIZ QUESTIONS Test one will consist of the following elements, totaling roughly 70 questions: 1. about 31 multiple-choice questions taken from the book (up to and including chapter six) 2. about 31 multiple-choice questions taken from the lectures (including the Ovid lecture that is in Blackboard only) 3. 10 multiple-choice questions based on images that we show in class during the test. What follows is a study guide for the test; you should not imagine that the test only covers what is on thestudy guide. The test covers anything that was said in class, is in the assigned chapters in the book, or is in the “slide shows” in Blackboard. In other words, you are expected to know everything assigned so far and can be tested on it. This guide should help you understand what the test is like, however. A. INTRODUCTORY MATERIAL What do we mean by universal subconscious, archetypes, anthropomorphic, traditional vs. artificial myths? In what sense is this class a “humanities” class? What is the significance in the Greeks’ anthropomorphic construction of the gods? Know the various permutations of skepticism about myth we discussed in the class. What did Paul and Barnabas experience at Lystra? How is myth tied to Greek religion? What are epithets? Look at the timeline in your introductory chapter. It is meant to give you the broad sweep of ancient history, so get the basics in your head. Know the following: acropolis, Parthenon, Mt. Olympus, Olympia. Listen to the Ovid lecture. What were the Four Ages and what characterized each one? What key eventssignaled the moral slide of mankind and spelled trouble? What was Ovid trying to accomplish by writing his work Metamorphoses? B. CREATIONWho ruled over the three generations of the gods, and how did the succession happen? What help did Prometheus give Zeus in the Titanomachy? What does the suffix –machy mean? -gony? What is the relationship between Aphrodite and the Furies? Where was Aphrodite born and how does that relate to her name? Aphrodite and Mars? Aphrodite and Hephaestus? Know what we said about the universe dividing into opposites, about the importance of metis, about the connection between fire and knowledge and the problems that it caused, and about the magical aspects of Pandora and her box. Know the conversation between Io and Prometheus. How did Io become a cow? Who inspired Hesiod to compose the Theogony and why did they talk to him about lying? Know what we said about the flood/baptism/rebirth. C. ZEUS AND HERA What are Zeus’ attributes and what things does he control? What tree is associated with him? What places? How is he worshiped in those various places? Know what we said in class about Zeus and his children, about order and disorder. Who are the Moirai (Parcae) and what does their name mean? Know the story of the two jars as told by Achilles in the Iliad. Know the philosophical Zeus as related by Cleanthes. Zeus has various epithets, such as horkios. Know them. Who works with Hera to attend the birth of children? D. POSEIDON, HEPHAESTUS, ARES, HERMES Know the attributes of all these divinities and be able to recognize them in art. Know psychopompos, kakometis, Zephyr, Amphitrite. Whose cattle did Hermes steal? Who is the god Pan and what does he do? What is Hermes’ main skill, his “super power,” so to speak? What things does Poseidon control and what does it say about his character?What is the difference between Poseidon and Athena? Know the story of Apollo and Poseidon building the walls of Troy. E. ARTEMIS, ATHENA Know how the Actaeon story illustrates the character of Artemis. Know what we mean by “rite of passage.” What epithets fit Artemis? What does she delight in? What took place at Brauron? With what heavenly body is Artemis connected and why? With whom did Athena have a contest for control of Athens? What was the result? Know Panathenaea, Arachne, Palladium and Pallas, the epithets of Athena. SAMPLE “SLIDE” QUESTION: The goddess depicted on the far right is a) Hera b) Artemis c) Aphrodite d) Eileithyia e)


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