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UC HIST 1002 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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HIST 1002 1st EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 - 6Lecture 1 (January 21)US as an Imperial Power and Jim Crow LawsWhat were the “Jim Crow” Laws? Biggest form of violence? Important people?What was the US relationship to the Philippians? Hypocrisies of the Us.Jim Crow Laws:- Laws that enforced segregation(Segregation, job discrimination, and violence took place all over)- Rise of Lynching’s (5,000 lynching’s of African Americans) (Thought of as form of entertainment)- Ida B. Wells investigated lynching’s(Found that most were wrong accusations involving raping/disrespecting white women)Us as an Imperial Power:- U.S. was controlling several countries now but not treating them like U.S. citizens- Said the Philippians could not govern themselves(Causes Spanish War, US won territory)- Emilio Aguinaldo(Led the Filipinos into war and criticized hypocrisies of situation)Lecture 2 (January 26) A Nation of ImmigrantsWho were the “new immigrants” coming in large numbers to America? Who was opposed to these new immigrants?“New Immigrants”- By 1840, 170,000 immigrants a year were coming to America- England was no longer the main sending country(Ireland and Germany were sending over most immigrants now)(Catholics and Jewish rates were rising)- 1850’s Chinese started coming over in waves(Many came for the California gold rush and Railroad workOpposition of Immigrants- Nativism: thought immigrant didn’t belong, said they were “not true Americans”- Even though Italians, Germans, and the Irish were “white”, they were still stereotyped andtreated differently because of their race- Chinese became considered as the “yellow menace” and danger to white women who hadto suffer harsh working conditions and many died.Lecture 3 (January 28)Why was America Negatively viewed as a “Melting Pot?” How did European Immigrants enter America? Important people advocating immigration. Melting Pot:- Nativist didn’t want immigrants coming over- Drew pictures/posters depicting and stereotyping the different races.European Immigrants- Entered through Ellis Island(Federal immigrant processing center)- Actually living in America(Immigrants had problems adapting to money, language, and culture)(America only wanted healthy and skilled workers)Immigration advocators- Jacob Riis(Showed the slums and poverty the immigrants were dealing with in their home countries to bring to light in America.)- Jane Addams(Settle House movement)- Emma Lazrus(Wrote a poem to recognize/welcome the new immigrants)Lecture 4 (February 2)World War I (Home front)How were women being active? Why were Americans being anti-germanism? What did the Espionage Act due? What led to the red scare?Women- Middle class, educated, white women who opposed war- Created Women’s Peace Party(Promoted peace and women’s right to vote)Anti-Germanism- US said they were not against German people just German Government- Propaganda created to show hate for Germans(German food and St. names were changed in America)Espionage Act- Made it illegal to speak bad about the war, government, flag, America, etc.Red Scare- After war, US economy took a downturn- Labor Unions every where were striking- Great Migration: Blacks migrated North for more rights/no backlashLecture 5 (February 4)WWI Peace PlanningWhat were the major devastations back home in America after WWI? What empires were destroyed during the war? The final result for Peace in America.Devastations- 16 million die from war, 120,00 from US- Houses, animals, forests, places, factories completely demolished- People in America sick, starving, homeless and tons of orphan childrenEmpires- Germany, Austria-Hungry, Ottoman Empires destroyed completely- Russian Empire had a revolution of their ownResults- Wilson (US), Lloyd George (English), Clemenceau (French) meet for Versailles Peace Conference- All delicates meet in Paris for 6 months and created New Nations- Everyone rejected Wilson’s 14 Points Plan(Created League of Nations to protect all involved against war)- Wilson just went along with other world powers, he knew he had to “stay with them”Lecture 6 (February 9)The Great Depression (1929)What were the current people experience in America now? How did the government respond in the early stages after the war?Experience- Wealth disparity(80% of American public had 0 savings)- Poverty(1/2 of families were at or below poverty line and struggling)- Homelessness(Hoovervilles created)(Kids under nutrition)- Women (After men were fired, women filled their replacements at work)(White women worked for 61% of what the men did)(Black women worked for 23% of what the men did)Government- Herbert Hoover was elected president and many people saw him being a hero- Frustration quickly grew with Hoover’s belief that the people should rely on volunteers instead of government assistance- Thousands of Latino US citizens were deported back to Mexico saying American couldn’t even “support their own” right now- Hoover became deeply


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