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UA PSY 200 - Behaviorism continued

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PSY 200 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture I. Behaviorism and classical and operant conditioningII. Research and major discoveries of Pavlov, Watson, Thorndike, and SkinnerIII. Schedules of reinforcementOutline of Current Lecture I. Review of classical and operant conditioningII. Example of classical and operant conditioningIII. Example of reinforcementCurrent LectureI. Review of classical and operant conditioning- Classical conditioning is where learning occurs when something new becomes associated with something already known. It focuses on reflexes/physiology, which involves involuntary behavior. There is a stimulus that invokes a response.- Operant conditioning is where the environment shapes our behavior. There are learning associations between a behavior and its consequence. So the response from the stimulus invokes a consequence. This involves applying reinforcement of punishment after a behavior has occurred. Operant conditioning focuses on strengthening, through reinforcement, or weakening, through punishment, the voluntary behaviors. II. Examples of classical and operant conditioning- Jane likes to read before going to bed. Every night, she takes a psychology book with her into bed, reads for 30 minutes, and then goes to sleep. Jane has a statistics exam at the end of the week, though, so this time she takes out her stats book in the middle of the day to study. To her frustration, Jane realizes that she can’t seem to stay awake. What is the unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, neutral stimulus, conditioned stimulus and conditioned response? The unconditioned stimulus is going to bed. The unconditioned response is falling asleep. The neutral stimulus is reading. The conditioned stimulus is reading. The conditioned response getting tired. - A fifth grade classroom is doing small group work on fractions. The students are working in groups of four to solve a problem. In one group, john keeps trying to offer his ideas. Each time john says something, though, the other three group members completely ignore him. Eventually, john stops participating and sits These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.back while everyone else works. Is an example reinforcement, punishment, shaping or extinction? This is an example of extinction because it is a behavior that is not reinforced so it stopped occurring. He tried talking to his classmates but they did not reply so the behavior stopped. III. Examples of reinforcementAn animal trainer needs to train a dog actor to behave in a particular way in a major Hollywood film. The trainer only needs the dog to behave in this manner for one day on set, but that day is tomorrow! Thus the trainer needs quick learning and is not concerned with the possibility of extinction. As a student of behaviorism, which of the following schedules of reinforcement would be most appropriate for this training? This is an example of a fixed-ratio because it requires the dog to learn


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