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IUB PSY-P 211 - Stroop Test Continued

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PSY-P 211 1st Edition Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture I. The Stroop Test II. Interference a. Distraction b. Interference c. Incongruent condition III. How to Start and ExperimentOutline of Current Lecture I. Stroop Test (Continued) a. Incongruent condition b. Congruent condition options II. Who was Faster? a. Evolutionary Theory III. Counterbalancing Current LectureSTROOP TEST (CONTINUED) Review: The Stroop Effect is how interference is measured.It’s hard to say “red” when you see BLUE (Incongruent condition) But hard is a relative term… compared to what? These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Should we make a congruent condition like?BLUENo, this isn’t better because you just end up reading the word, which is not comparable with color naming. We couldn’t do a rectangle of color as the congruent condition, because while we aren’t readingthe word of the color, too much stimulus is present. There is far more color in a solid rectangle than just the word. Stroop tried making a more balanced congruent condition: XXXXXHowever the problem with this is that there is nothing to read not making it comparable to the incongruent condition. The best way to compare conditions is making neutral words, or non-existent words your congruent conditionEx: RED (Incongruent condition) LUTE (Congruent condition) Why is this good? - There is still reading but the word is neutral. - There is the same amount of stimulus present. WHO WAS FASTER?Stroop found that women were faster in color naming… Why? Evolutionary theory: Women had to tell the difference in color of plants that could kill you and plants that were edible. COUNTERBALANCING It’s a bad idea to present the stimulus in the same order. Subjects could just be getting faster with practice. You need to give half one order and half the


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