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VCU PSYC 304 - Stages of Childbirth

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PSYCH 304 1st Edition Lecture 8Outline of Last Lecture I. Male TeratogensII. Fetal StageIII. Prenatal AssessmentIV. Child Birth and the First YearV. Stages of Child BirthOutline of Current Lecture II. Stages of Childbirth: Part 2A. APGAR ScaleIII. Neo-Natal Period: 1st Four WeeksIV. Sleep and Sudden Infant DeathV. Infant MortalityVI. Nourishment and GrowthVII. Five Senses and Early DevelopmentCurrent LectureI. Stages of Childbirth: Part 2A. APGAR scale i. Appearance: 1. 0=blue 1=pink w/blue 2=pinkii. Pulse:1. 0=0-60 1=60-100 2=100-140iii. Grimace:1. 0= placid 1=movement 2=agitatediv. Activity:1. 0=still 1=some movement 2=kicking and screamingv. Respiration: 1. 0=none 1=irregular 2=cryingB. Below a total score of 7 is a concernC. Anoxia:These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.i. Lack of oxygen to the visceral tissuesii. Biggest concern D. Breech or umbilical cord issuesII. Neo-Natal Period: 1st four weeksA. Mom did everything baby now needs to doB. Start Up Systemsi. Circulatoryii. Respirationiii. Gastrointestinaliv. temperature regulation systems v. Babies can lose up to 10% of weight 1. JaundiceC. Developmenti. Baby development significant in first yearii. At birth, baby’s brain 25% of an adult brain’s weight. By the end of the first year, it is 75%. iii. Baby adds weight through axon development 1. Iranian orphan and premature baby storiesD. Reflexesi. Child born with about twenty-seven reflexes, and by the end of the year, there are only seventeen.ii. will eventually begin to disappear1. Sucking one of the reflexes a child is born withIII. Sleep and Sudden Infant DeathA. Babies will sleep a great deal of time: 16 hoursB. For the first month, babies experience an increased amount of REM sleep.C. Takes about three months before the child sleeps through night. i. Mom and Dad sleep cycles troubledD. SID syndromei. Risk is greatest between 2nd- 4th monthsE. Risk Factorsi. Winter 1. lots of blanketsii. Smoking in houseiii. Baby sleeping on bellyiv. Poor financial statusIV. Infant MortalityA. USA has one of the highest infant mortality rates for 1st world countriesB. ¾ of infant mortality in neo-natal period C. Poor prenatal and neonatal care particularly for minoritiesD. Recent decrease attributed to SIDS educationV. Nourishment and GrowthA. Breast Milk or formula is the only food needed up to 6 monthsB. After 6 months they need iron supplementsC. Breast milk is the best foodi. Helps teeth and bonesii. Prevents diarrhea iii. Decrease infectionsiv. Gains some antibodies D. Avoid giving juicei. It is sweeter than milk, and the baby will want the juice instead of the milk.E. Babies will triple and weighti. 7-21 lbs. in first yearF. Height will triple too i. 10 inches to 30 inchesVI. Five Senses and Early DevelopmentA. Hearing:i. mostly developed babies will feed more to a recording of moms voice than someone else'sB. Smell:i. quick to developii. Babies feed more to mothers breast pad than any other woman's C. Taste:i. Babies prefer sweet over sour and breast milk is sweet. ii. NO JUICED. Pain:i. It was once thought that babies did not feel painii. Circumcisions and surgeries are done withoutanestheticiii. Protected animals can be impervious E. Vision:i. poorly developedii. no depth perception until baby is six months oldiii. gain vision right at time:1. crawl 2. visual clifVII. Developmental MilestonesA. General Principles:i. head to toe = near to farB. Denver developmental screening test gives schedules when 25%, 50%, and 90% of kids are able to do specific


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