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SELU FCS 251 - Lipids

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FCS 251 1st Edition Lecture 3 Outline of Last Lecture I. My PlateOutline of Current Lecture II. Healthy FatsIII. Monounsaturated FatsIV. Olive Oil V. Polyunsaturated FatVI. Balance Omega-6 & Omega-3VII. Health Effects of FatsVIII. Saturated FatsIX. Trans FatsX. Dietary Cholesterol and Blood CholesterolXI. Where is fat found?Current LectureHealthy FatsMonounsaturated FatsPolyunsaturated Fats include Omega-6 and Omega-3 fatty acids. The Omega-6 fatty acids include Lenoleic and Omega-3 fatty acids include linolenic both of which are essential. Meaningthe body doesn’t make it; they have to come from your diet.Olive Oil-Lowers total & LDL cholesterol-Doesn’t lower HDLs-Reduces LDL cholesterol susceptibility to oxidation-Lowers blood-clotting factorsChoose darker “extra virgin” kindPolyunsaturated Fat-Omega-6Linoleic acidFound in vegetable oilsLowers both total blood cholesterol and LDL cholesterol-Omega-3Linolenic DHA & EPAFound in fish oilsThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Balance Omega-6 & Omega-3The U.S diet is high in Omega-6 and low in Omega-3. A good diet includes two servings a week of fish, at least 12 ounces. Supplements for fish are not advised because the things on the market are not regulated so there is way to know what is really in the supplements.Health Effects of FatSaturated and trans-fat are linked to cardiovascular disease, and are suggested risks for some types of cancer. They are also linked to obesity. Saturated FatsSaturated fats are mainly from animal sources. -Meals: over 1/3 fat is saturated-Whole milk and other high-fat dairy: over ½ fat is saturatedIn some vegetable sources-Palm-Palm Kernel-Coconut-CottonseedTrans FatRaise LDL and lover HDL and produce inflammation. Trans fat is found in margarines and all shortenings. Soft or liquid forms are made forms are made from partially or non-hydrogenated oils. Be sure to pay attention to ingredients lists on food labels.Dietary Cholesterol and Blood CholesterolDietary cholesterol is implicated in raising blood cholesterol and increasing the risk of heart disease. Effect NOT as strong as saturated and trans-fats. Cholesterol is only found in animal products (ex. Meat, eggs, cheese, and dairy).Where is fat found?Most fat is invisible. -Fried Foods-Baked Goods-Sauces & mixed dishes-Marbling of


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