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VCU PSYC 304 - Male Teratogens

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PSYCH 304 1st Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I. Female TeratogensII. Stages of Pre-natal developmenta. Germinal Stageb. Embryonic StageIII. Female TeratogensOutline of Current Lecture I. Male TeratogensII. Fetal StageIII. Prenatal AssessmentIV. Child Birth and the First YearV. Stages of Child BirthCurrent LectureA. Female Teratogensa. Gulf War Syndromei. Children are born without arms and legsii. Are also often born with terrible skin disordersb. Radiationi. NO CONTACT WITH X-RAYSii. Cancer-causing agent (carginogen)c. Leadd. Mercurye. Gasolinei. Mad Hatterf. Cocainei. Hitch-hike on spermThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.g. Agei. Older Men will has a decrease in sperm quantity and quality.- The oldest known male parent was ninety-four years old.B. Fetal Stage: Three to Nine Monthsa. Visually starts looking like a babyb. The baby begins to add weightc. Safer time for both the mother and child (the risk of miscarriage decreases significantly)d. Poor maternal nutrition can lead to a still born childe. Vitamin B1 and Folic Acid can prevent Spinal Bifidaf. Women should expect to gain 22 to 40lbsg. Exercisei. Moderateii. Low impact - Example: Elliptical h. Premature Birth:i. Overworkedii. Stressed iii. Strenuous Labouri. Age of Viabilityi. Age in which baby can survive outside of the uterus- Six Monthsj. The last month of pregnancy, women tend to gain about a pound a weeki. Having an overdue baby is a problemC. Prenatal Assessmenta. Ultrasoundi. Non-invasive instrument that uses sound waves to produce an image- Is capable of indicating:o Sex o Down-syndromeo Most major birth defectsD. Child Birth and the First Yeara. Types of Child Birthi. Medicated- Hospital epidural- Baby gets some of the medicineo Drowsyo Delayed relation to momii. Lamaze- Natural Breathing- Helps Decreases Fear- There is a coach/partner to help with relaxation and support- Relaxation helps deliveryiii. C-sections - Baby is taken through the abdomen- Increased recovery time: 6 weeks- More expensiveo Doctor visitso More time in the hospital- Any following births have an increased chance of being C-sectionsiv. Mid-wife- Goal is to have the baby at homeo There is a doctor and a Lamaze coach/partner presentE. Stages of Childbirth (Part 1)a. Hospital Timei. Water Breaksii. Contractions become regular and intenseb. Dilation and Effacement i. Cervix opensii. Dilation of 10 cm = Go timeiii. Effacement: baby’s head drops to the openingc. Length of Deliveries i. Length of time that passes between labour and birth generally decreases with each child- Example: o 1st Pregnancy: 12-14 hourso 2nd Pregnancy: 4-6 hoursii. Delivery- Example:o 1st Pregnancy: 50 minuteso 2nd Pregnancy: 20 minutesiii. Placenta is delivered (“the afterbirth”)- 10 minutesd. Baby and Mother rest and are monitorede. Average Babyi. 20 inches longii. 7 ½


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