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UW-Milwaukee CRMJST 271 - The Reform Era and Law Enforcement

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CRM JST 271 1st Edition Lecture 4 Current LectureI. The Reform Eraa. The 1920’s saw an increasing emphasis on reformb. 1920’s to 60’s were arguably the most significant era of policing given the movement toward professionalismi. Crime fighting should be the primary strategy of the police (getting there quickly was the best model)ii. Importance of selection, training, and management of police1. At one point, had a restriction of a minimum height of 5’10”, restricting women2. 45 second chin hangc. Three factors influenced the move from a political to a more professional style of policing during the mid-20th centuryi. European developments in criminalisticsii. Changes in American society and politicsiii. The growth of the police reform movementd. Crime commissions advanced the professionalism movementi. Chicago Crime Commission (1919)ii. Wickersham Commission (1929)iii. President’s Commission on law enforcement and administration of justicee. The significance of the great depressioni. How did this event impact police professionalismII. Minority Perspective on the Development of American Policea. The history of policing focuses attention on what occurred in the northeast, which misses important pieces of the puzzlei. Policing in the south (what was unique about the south?)These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.ii. Policing in the western frontier (what was unique about the west?)b. As late as the 1960’s, minority police officers were relegated to policing “black neighborhoods”III. State Policea. Formation of state police is an important piece of policing historyi. Texas and Massachusetts were only states with state police before 1900ii. Pennsylvania eventually followed suit in 1905iii. More states formed state police in the 1920’s; by 1960, nearly all states had1. New responsibilities also began to forma. Highway patrol=enforcement of traffic lawsIV. Federal Law Enforcementa. The Revenue Cutter Service and US Marshall Serviceb. Postal Inspectorsc. Secret Serviced. Federal Bureau of Investigatione. What was/are the responsibilities of these agencies?V. More Law Enforcement Agenciesa. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosivesb. Drug Enforcement Administrationc. Internal Revenue Serviced. US customs and border protectione. US Marshals Servicef. US Park Policeg. US Park RangersVI. Summarya. The history of American police can be traced back to Englandb. 1st form of American policing was the constable-nightwatch system, from the 1600’s to 1930’si. Was replaced by modern, integrated day-night policec. There were three distinct period of policing developmenti. Political era, reform era, and community policing erad. Formation of federal law enforcement and state police are important pieces of Americanpolicing


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