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IUPUI HIST 105 - Puritans

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HIST 105 1nd Edition Lecture 5Outline of Last Lecture I. PilgrimsII. PuritansOutline of Current Lecture I. Community LifeII. No Religious TolerationIII. Why They FailedIV. World Of WondersV. Salem- Feb 1692Current LectureI. Community Life- Not Egalitarian; Hierarchical - Structured- Middle -> Out of Town = High -> Low Class - Agree to Covenant (Town Rules)- Civil - Religious- Feel the need to live a certain way- Unexpected newcomers are not welcome- Break rules = Banishment- Hierarchy - Taxes outside meeting house (most taxes -> least taxes)- God -> Ministers -> Men -> Women -> Slaves (hierarchical order) - MUST live with family (Orphan- town chooses your next home) - Woman MUST ALWAYS have a man in power over her- No man = Devil takes over - Women “out of control” - Possible witches These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.- Children MUST obey parents - Physical punishment - Marriage – 20s - Life Expectancy - 50-60s - 1 child ever year; if you did not have a big family, you were looked at suspiciously.- Multiple people punished for adultery- No premarital sex permittedNote: There was a man who had sex with some of his animals. Not only did the man get hanged,but the Puritans also hanged all of the animals because they blamed them for tempting the man. - Recreation in moderation - Scarlet Letter- Example of a Puritan community - Humiliation for punishment - Equal Inheritance- Not for women - Women received 1/3 of profit of land until death II. No Religious Toleration1. Roger Williams - Upset about how Puritans treated Indians- Banished in 1665- Founder of the Baptist Church- Went to Road Island (got land from Indians)- Road Island practiced religious freedom2. Thomas Hooker- Criticized Church - Banished in 1635- Started the colony of Connecticut 3. Anne Hutchinson - Weekly Women's Group - Men found out about group - Went to trial (she was pregnant) - She told the court that God told her all of her sermons in the women's group.- Banished to Road Island- Still born and de- formed child ( Puritans believed this was God punishing her for what she did) 4. Quakers- Society of Friends- Sexes are Equals- Inner Light (sit quietly and wait for God to reveal himself)- Evangelical (Wanted others to become Quakers)- Puritans drove them out: Quakers kept trying to convert them; Some Puritanshanged Quakers III. Why did they fail? a) Rapid Population Growth - 60-70 life expectancy - Lots of kids- Run out of land - Satellite Towns (Not permitted to build new church, forced to walk miles to the church)  Led to Community Conflict b) Economic Success for All - Predestination (already decided heaven or hell) - Success = Going to heaven -> Hard Workers - Question Theologyc) Authority of Clergy Decreased d) Can't Keep it Going to the Next Generation - Kids don't really care - Salem witch trials last hope to keep Puritan survival alive - Puritans Scholarly - Read (very literate) - 1636- Harvard (minister, take astrology) - Pre-modern - Almanac- Active God and Active Devil - Very superstitious (ghosts, demons, black animals, comets, visions, dreams)Note: “The devil take you” is a phrase similar to f*** you. The Puritans passed down a legend of a man who was cursed after one of his friends told him “the devil take you”. The cursed man was said to have been screaming in his room. The Puritans tried to help, but they could not get the door open. There was a light flickering from under the door. When the screaming stopped and the light went out, the door opened. There the room was destroyed with blood everywhere and no sign of the man. From that day on, the Puritans believed that the devil came and took him. IV. Salem, February 1692- Reverend Parris in Kitchen - Daughter, niece, and friends - Tituba (slave and fortune


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