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OU PSY 2403 - Alfred Adler Introduction

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PSY 2403 1st Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last LectureI. Jung’s Levels of the PsycheII. Dynamics of PersonalityIII. Psychological TypesIV. Development of PersonalityV. Self-RealizationVI. Jung’s Method of InvestigationVII. Critique (Jung)VIII. Concept of Humanity (Jung)Outline of Current Lecture I. BackgroundII. Organ InferiorityIII. Feelings of InferiorityIV. Striving for SuperiorityV. LifestyleVI. Subjective PerceptionsVII. Social InterestCurrent LectureI. Backgrounda. Contrast with Freudian theoryi. Freud – conflict between self and othersii. Adler – meaning of life, futureb. Uniqueness of individualc. Import of harmony and cooperationII. Organ Inferioritya. Vulnerability to diseasei. Less developed or inferior ii. Problem – environmentThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.b. Body is an integrated uniti. Compensates for inferioritiesii. Overcompensation is goodIII. Feelings of Inferioritya. Develops in infancyb. Subjective inferiorityc. Inferiority complex – prevents you from growing, develops unhealthy lifestyled. Ex: Masculine Protest – trying to become more masculine (guys and girls)i. Cultural conditionii. Power = masculinityiii. Can be motivationaliv. All are weak, desiring strengthv. Over-evaluation of masculinityvi. Can also be a feminine protest (if femininity = power)IV. Striving for Superioritya. Innate fundamental fact of lifeb. Motivationalc. Want everyone to strive to be the best together (healthy)d. Superiority complex – leads to unhealthy lifestyle – motivated selfishlyV. Life Stylea. Healthy(constructive) or mistaken (destructive)b. Affected by world view – perception (set by age of 4-5 years) i. Either the world is a safe place, or not, dependent on whether you were supported or berated for your mistakes as a childc. Equation:i. Feelings of inferiority + world view  life goals and final goal(e.g. dominate or join in/work with other people)  life styleVI. Subjective Perceptionsa. Fictionalism(goals) or Fictional Finalism (ultimate goal – join in or dominate)i. Personality is molded by fictionsii. Healthy vs. neuroticiii. Personal Freedomiv. Fictions guide style of life, give unity to personality, and confer purpose on behaviorVII. Social Interesta. Changed focus of motivationb. Origins – first is mother, then establishing interest in the other parent, then siblings, schoolmates, etc.c. Importance d. Life problems – tasks that allow you to measure the degree of social interesti. Societal tasks – cooperationii. Occupational tasks – job relatediii. Love and


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