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UM ANTY 403E - Anthropology Lecture 2-3-15

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Anthropology Lecture 2/3/15Outline- Identify the aims of a liberal arts education- Risks that prevent these goals from being achieved- Review ethical principles and debates in anthropological research- Positive vs. negative ethics: responsibilities vs. rules- Introduce Martha Nussbaum: cultivating humanity- Writing RubricAim of a liberal arts education: to become “well rounded”- Broadly informed- Able to consider, evaluate, and respond to information- Able to articulate thoughts and opinions- Empowered to act in one’s own interestReview of Professional Ethics: Principals for Ethical Research- Whiteford and Trotter begin with “choices, by seeking ‘guidance’ from norms, traditions:- Religious doctrine- Legal codes- Professional codes of conduct- Anthropological associationsHow do we approach professional ethics?- Ethical lapses or violations- sanctions, public notice, censure- Revoking membership, certification, or licenseDebates in the profession- Anthropology: is it a science, or a humanity?- Is it modern or post-modern?Modern: with concepts of progress, universal human rightsPost-modern: cultural relativism, social construction of realitySituational ethics: acts judged by context instead of principlesWhat is the difference between an ethical failure and a dilemma?Ethical failure: violation of the code of conductDilemma: a clash of ethical principlesPositive vs. negative ethics- AAA code of ethics speak of responsibilities- Are responsibilities different from rules?- Social sciences have new guidelines rule-based conduct from a community perspectivePrinciples of Research1. Respect for persons2. Maximize good and minimize harm3. Ensure social justiceBeneficence: To improve livesJustice: Right to a fair and equitable treatment- What is the difference between confidentiality and privacy?Confidentiality: Access to dataPrivacy: People’s information about themselvesDeveloping Capacities1. Critical examination of oneself and one’s traditions: to question beliefs and require justification, not just from received authority2. Logical reasoning that tests for validity, accuracy of fact and judgment 3. To feel connected to all human beings by recognition and concern, empathy, and apprehension of a world view differently from our own to suspend, but not abandon judgmentGoals to cultivate humanity:1. ‘an examined life’2. ‘a reflective citizenship’3. ‘a liberal education’The study of non-western cultures- Comparative analysis deepens appreciation of one’s own culture- Knows the world allows one a greater ability to explore it- Non-western cultures are often misapprehended as:Chauvinism: To similar or identicalRomanticism: To different or exoticWriting RubricCitation: evidence and supporting examplesCorrect English usage: Proofreading, spelling, grammar, syntaxDevelop an argument: Thesis, hypothesis, view point, theoryAudience, Genre, and Purpose: StyleQuizlet Link:


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