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UT Knoxville FWF 250 - John Muir

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John Muir- - “When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.”- Temporarily blinded, preservationist(father of) and nat’l parks, a wilderness profit- 1st botany lesson was a fellow student relating grasshoppers to peasWilliam Bartram- - Made references to annual fires by natives. - Studied and explored SE USA. - Recorded history about prairies- first American born naturalist (& botanist)- 1st conservationist pro- Identified plants and animals, learned about native tribes and culturePaul Kroegel- - Took interest on protecting the birds on Pelican Island, verge of extinction, paid $1 a monthFrank Chapman- - Discovered Pelican Island was last brown pelican rookery, worked w/ American Ornithologists and Florida AudubonTR- - Executive order making Pelican Island first federal bird reservation- Permanent preservation of nat’l resourcesBuffalo Bill- - Shot 200 bison in a day, killed 4280 in 8 monthsW.C. Lowedermilk- - Land doesn’t lie, bears a record of what men write on itAlexander Wilson- - Father of scientific ornithology- First American ornithologist before Audubon, and mentored by William Bartram- published a book on birds containing 9 volumes, and 268 illustrated birds- 26 had never been described- inspired Audubon in KY to produce his own bookJohn James Audubon-- Was a hunter and bird lover- Conducted 1st known bird banding experiment in North America, eastern phoebes- Young dominant naturalist- Traveled down Mississippi, while wife Lucy tutored wealthyGeorge Bird Grinnel-- Named after love for birds- Attended school in Audubon’s mansion, tutored by his wife- Led to creation of Audubon society- Knew family, roamed and saw many books and drawings- Naturalists on various expeditions at Yale- Worked well with natives, served as an advocate- Editor of forest and stream mag- Advisor to TRHenry David Thoreau-- 1st to argue for national forestsGifford Pinchot- First American Forester- “greatest good for greatest # in the long run”- Co-founded SAF- 1st forester to manage Biltmore- 1908 1st chief of US forest service- “w/out nat’l resources life is impossible”Dr. Carl Alwin Schenk- Hired @ Biltmore after Pinchot- 1898 father of forestry teaching @ BiltmoreAldo Leopold- Father of wildlife education, yale grad, started w/ USFS- Developed “Wilderness System” 1933- Became chair of game mgmt at U of Madison Wisconsin- Wrote a sand county almanacRobert Bob Marshall- Founded wilderness society- Hiked 42 of 46 adirondack peaks, avid hiker(tennis shoes) ph. D from John Hopkins- 1st to suggest to preserve land in


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