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WVU SOCA 101 - chp 6, 7 Study Guide

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Chapter 6- Understand what the distinct forms of power are, and explain how a three-dimensional approach to power, as opposed to a simple one-dimensional view, enhances our understanding of power relations in particular and of politics in general. - Define and explain the one-dimensional view of power, and understand debates overa power elite versus a pluralistic view of how power is distributed.- Define and explain the two-dimensional view of power. Understand how power can be exercised through agenda control. Discuss various institutional channels that are employed as agenda-setting vehicles.- Define and explain the three-dimensional view of power. Understand how and why shaping the perceptions and beliefs of the powerless can be used as an important weapon to maintain the status quo. Discuss why power is most effective when it is least observable.- power- power elite- pluralism- agenda setting- Identify and describe how states regulate the economy. Explain why states tend to promote the interests of the powerful. Discuss how social movements may bring about change in the direction of policy in favor of the poor.- Diesel Fuel Example- Examine two types of policies (taxation and antipoverty policies) that have a direct impact on the distribution of wealth and inequality in the United States. - Progressive Tax Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qm1hn3N5M14- state- bureaucracy- welfare stateObama Care funding example- Discuss the consequences of the two-party political system on the American democracy. Explain how a monetary contribution to a political campaign can be utilized as an agenda-setting strategy.- Identify and understand what contradictory views Americans hold on policies addressing to reduce poverty and income inequality. - democracy- public policy- social problem- proportional representation (PR)- political action committee (PAC)- public opinionChapter 7• Identify the key social factors that influence how markets work.• Understand how sociological definitions of markets differ from economic definitions.• Understand how organizations contribute to market exchange.- market- central planning- capitalism- socialism- entrepreneursFilm Clip on employee owned organizations- rational choice perspective- social networks• Explain the key features of bureaucracies and their positive and negative consequences.• Identify the ways organizations are shaped by their environments.• Explain why organizations in a particular field tend to become similar to each other over time. - structural inertia - niche - organizational isomorphism - coercive isomorphism - normative isomorphism - mimetic isomorphism Cable Electric Gass company example - organization- bureaucracies- garbage-can model- loose coupling• Understand the way jobs are organized in modern economies.• Understand the forces that shape the labor process.- labor process- Hawthorne Studies- scientific management- deskilling• Identify the key features of a “good” job and job satisfaction.• Explain how the organization of work in the United States differs from work in other industrialized economies. - autonomy- unions- lean production- outsourcing Sandy Springs GA: Critics Example- social democratic


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