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GSU CRJU 3410 - Psychoanalytic and Personality Theories

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CRJU 3410 1st Edition Lecture 7 Outline of Last Lecture I. Biological TheoriesII. Biochemistry and CrimeIII. Chemical Dysfunctions and CrimeIV. Food and Crime V. NHVI. Hormones and CrimeVII. Neurological Theories VIII. Assessing Biochemical ExplanationsIX. Strengths and WeaknessesOutline of Current Lecture I. Psychoanalytic and Personality Theories II. DefinitionsIII. Psychoanalytic theories IV. Sigmund FreudV. 5 Stages of Psychosexual DevelopmentVI. Problems associated with psychosexual developmentVII. Psychic DevelopmentVIII. Problems associated with psychic development These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.IX. Psychic DrivesX. Defense MechanismsXI. SummaryXII. PsychoanalysisXIII. General Criticisms of Psychoanalytic Theories XIV. Deviant personality Theories XV. Psychopath XVI. Hare’s Psychopathic Checklist Revised (PCL-R)XVII. Eysenck’s Trait Theory XVIII. 5 Factor Model (Trait Theory Expansion) XIX. Ellis’ Arousal Theory XX. General Criticisms of Personality TheoriesCurrent LectureI. Psychoanalytic and Personality Theories a. Based on FreudII. Definitionsa. Psychei. Greek word for soulii. Comes from greek mythologyiii. During this time the human mind was considered the soul b. Psychologyi. Examines individual human and animal behaviorii. Concerned mostly with mental processesc. Psychiatryi. Healing the soulii. MD- study and treatment of mental disorders d. Criminology is why criminal justice is processing III. Psychoanalytic theories a. Criminals suffering from being stuck in arrested development or interrupted psychological developmentb. This behavior is driving from the unconscious, so you don’t know you’re doing it AND you cannot control itc. Deterministic and suspend the notion of free will IV. Sigmund Freuda. Unconscious affects conscious behavior without the individuals knowledgeb. 3 groups of mental phenomena: c. Consciousi. Currently awared. Preconsciousi. Thoughts and memories that can easily be recallede. Unconscious i. Repressed memories and emotions that are not easy to recoverii. It takes a lot of energy to pull the unconscious into the conscious V. 5 Stages of Psychosexual Developmenta. Oral Stage (Birth to 1 year)i. Obsessed with mouthii. Pleasure from paternal figure to satisfy your needsiii. Unsocialized without self control b. Anal Stage (1-3)i. Potty training, obsessed with poopii. Partially socialized, acts out destructive urgesiii. Get praise after going to the bathroom and love the praisec. Phallic Stage (3-6)i. Child experiences Oedipal and Electra wishes1. Oedipal-boys start to sexualize their mom, and they become afraidthat their dad will get mad so they over correct and start to identify with their dad more ii. Realize they have sex organsiii. Genitals are their main source of pleasured. Latency Stage (6 to Puberty)i. Nonsexual, expanded relationships with peers e. Adult Stage: AKA Genital Stage (Puberty to Death)i. Mature sexuality, erotic interests in non-related adults f. Have to go through one stage to get to the nextg. Transition is gradual, and can revert back a stageh. Fixation- stuck in a stage and cant move forward to the next stage VI. Problems associated with psychosexual developmenta. Oral Stagei. Alcoholism and Drug Addictions b. Anal Stagei. Embezzlement and armed robberyii. Holding on to the poop, so they hold on to stolen stuff as that gratification c. Phallic Stagei. Sexual assault, rape, prostitution, sexual promiscuity, hostility towards male authority figures (what happened with father), and running awayd. Latency Stagei. No crimes when stuck here e. Adult/Genital Stagei. Prostitution and homosexualityii. Stuck because you never truly matured through it VII. Psychic Developmenta. Idi. Impulses or instinctsii. Seeks immediate discharge or gratificationiii. Very hedonistic, looking for sex and aggressioniv. Born with it b. Egoi. The great mediatorii. Charged with reality testingiii. Cools off the idiv. Maximizes pleasure and eliminates painc. Superego i. Moral guide to right and wrongii. Evaluates the ego’s plansiii. Starts to learn social disciplineiv. Criminals have problems here VIII. Problems associated with psychic development a. Weak egoi. Misread the external environmentii. Reality is messed upiii. More likely to follow othersb. Failure to develop a strong superegoi. Parent is the symbol of norms of societyii. If your parents suck, then you will carry out their norms NOT GOODiii. Need to identify with parent to be able to internalize normsc. An overdeveloped superegoi. They have an unconscious desire for punishment IX. Psychic Drivesa. Primary Processi. Tends towards immediate and direct gratification of the id impulsesb. Secondary Processi. Shifts the focus from the original object of method of discharge when something (including the sueperego) blocks a driveii. A drive our superego says is immoral, the ego tries to satisfy this appropriately X. Defense Mechanismsa. Deniali. Individual refuses to acknowledge a painful realityii. Deny it ever happened or they have blocked access b. Displacementi. Expresses unacceptable id impulses thorough an acceptable outletc. Repressioni. Prevents unwanted impulses, memories, or desires from entering conscious d. Reaction formationi. Replaces with behavior that is the opposite of that expressed by the original desire or drive e. Projectioni. Attribute own wishes or impulses to othersii. Ex: if I like you so I go up to you and tell you that sally wants to date you; put what I am feeling on someone elseiii. Paranoia is extreme example of this f. Sublimation i. An individual who cannot experience a continuous drive in its primary form will find a substituteii. Ex: urge to slice people so instead of becoming a killer you become a surgeon XI. Summarya. What can lead to crime?i. Fixation and regressionii. Id, ego and superego off balance, which leads to morality issues and a weak ego messes up realityiii. Inability to have defense mechanisms XII. Psychoanalysisa. The treatment for psychic disordersi. Recollection of experiences and emotions will eliminate symptomsii. Once that person understands what’s happening during their un coconscious, their stunted development will go away b. Techniques used:c. Free Associationi. Verbally expresses ideas as the come to mindd. Dream interpretationi. Encourages patients to recall and analyze dreams e. Transferencei.


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