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UGA FDNS 4600 - Exam 1 Study Guide

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FDNS 4600 1st EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 - 15Lecture 1- Module 1 (January 5)I. Who is interested in food policy?a. Stakeholders: those who are interested in a topic and are willing to invest.b. Policy Makers  Health Professionals  Food Industry  Government  ConsumersII. Professional food, nutrition, and organizations: Know thesea. IOM- Institute of Medicine- creates a set of recommended intake of dietary nutrition. b. FNB- Food and Nutrition Boardc. USDHHS- United States Department d. USDA- United States Department of Agriculturee. ERS- Economic Research Service-deals with food insecurity f. ARS- Agriculture Research Service- analyze nutrients in foodg. CDC- Center for Disease Control and Preventionh. FDA- Food Drug and Administrationi. EPA- Environmental Protection Agencyj. FAO- Food and Agriculture Organizationk. WHO- World Health organizationl. AND- Academy of Nutrition and Dieteticsm. ASN- American Society of Nephrologyn. SNE- Society for Nutrition Educationo. IFT- Institute of Food Technologyp. AHA- American Heart Associationq. AAP- American Academy of Pediatricsr. APHA- American Public Health AssociationIII. Major Trendsa. Food Borne Illnessesi. ~48 Million people are affected each yearii. 128,000 hospitalizediii. 3,000 deathsiv. ~1/6 of the population are affected by food-born illnessesb. Food insecurity in the last few yearsi. Food insecurity- not enough food to eatii. ~14.5% (> 49 M), > 1 in 5 childreniii. ~ 46-47 M food stampsiv. Examples: WIC, school programs, food stampsc. Obesity and overweighti. > 70% of adultsii. ~1/3 childreniii. Policies are not directIV. How the government is involveda. People raise an issue  the issue is brought to congress  laws and acts are put in place  the agencies (FDA, USDA…) interpret the laws  regulations are created to help solve issueb. What is your role?i. To be informed, talk to your congressmen, look at voting records, and vote in the first place.Lecture 2-Module 1 (January 7) I. Children’s Food Environment State Indicator Report:a. These are the national indicators for the United States:i. 29.2% HS Students who Drank drink > 1 SS soda/dayii. 32.8% HS students who watch TV > 3 hrs/dayiii. 50.2% children ages 6-17 with TV in bedroomiv. 30.7% of children ages 12-17 who do not eat meals with their families most days of the weekb. The need to in-act policies restricting sugary drinks, increasing access to water, and limiting TV and video time show that the US has issues concerning nutrition starting at young ages.c. In schools:i. 64.4% middle and high schools that offer sugar drinks as competitive foods Nation wide1. There is not a specific number for Georgia.2. Utah has the highest at 81.0% followed by Missouri (79.3%) and Iowa (77.6%).ii. 54.4% nation wide offer less healthy foods as competitive foods.1. Georgia has not reported a number2. Idaho and Ohio have the highest at 67.0%iii. 49.0% nation wide allow advertising of less healthy foods1. There is no specific percent for Georgia.2. Ohio has the highest at 69.2% followed by Kentucky with 68.2%II. FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (2010)a. What have you heard about this act?i. The main purpose is to prevent food born illnesses.ii. It prevents bacteria grown and infection of crops.iii. It increases cleanliness of food processing centers and calls for better inspections of food processing centers.iv. Says that if the facility does not recall an unsafe food, he FDA can order a recall.b. Some congressmen (mainly Republicans) voted no on the act. This is because of the concern for government funding. III. Healthy, Huger-Free Kids Acta. What have you heard about this?i. USDA has the power to decide what is sold in the school. It controls what is sold in the lunch line, vending machines, and school activities. This targets childhood obesity.ii. It allows funding for school meal programs and access to healthy foods for low-income children.iii. It makes it easier for children in low-income families to qualify so there is an increases access for children to be enrolled in school meal programs.iv. The act increases program monitoring and integrity. Auditing occurs once every three years to test menus on nutrition. v. Expands USDA authority to provide nutrition to after school programs.vi. Provides training and technical support to school districts by Registered Dietitians.Lecture 3-Module 1 (January 9)I. Food security = access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life a. 14-15% of US households are food insecurei. This number is higher in families with childrenb. Low food security- did anyone in the household go hungry for the day?i. 8.8% c. Why care?i. Health and developmental problems, and mental health problems1. Ei. Harder to manage diabetesii. The higher the poverty, the more food insecure the family is.d. Who has the highest food insecurity? i. Female headedii. Minorityiii. Low incomeiv. South and weste. Why do states differ?i. Urban and rural population (location), income, unemployment, and access to food. f. The Great Recession in 2008 caused a great increase in food insecurity.i. Increased from ~11% to ~15% g. How to help decrease food insecurity?i. The root cause is poverty. Many programs help people get food and income.Lectures 4 and 5- Worksheet (January 12 and 14)1. What are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans used for? - Science based nutrition and food safety recommendations to promote habits that maximize good health and reduce the risk for chronic disease. 2. What government organization(s) make these guidelines?- USDA and US Department of Human Health and Services3. Who serves on the advisory board? Where are they typically employed? Is this a good idea to have mainly people with this background and employment?- RDs, MDs, and other health professions like food scientists. A few reasons would be adifferencing in opinions, food safety etc. 4. Are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans mainly a guideline for eating foods or for eating nutrients? Explain.- For eating foods. The nutrients are in the food.5. What is the source of the recommendations for nutrient intake?- Institute of Medicine (IOM)- nutrients for vitamins and minerals6. What are the major professional organizations and news networks saying about the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans?7. What is the same in 2010 and 2005?- Red, SoFAS, Na, and Seafood are main differences between the two. SO most of the guidelines are the same. 8. What is


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