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MSU PSYX 100IS - Exam 1 Study Guide

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PSYX 100IS 1st Edition Exam #1 Study Guide1. Dr. Showalter recently conducted a study in which she found that tissues are repaired at a faster rate during deep sleep than during wakefulness. According to your textbook, Dr. Showalter’s research is evidence for which theory of sleep? A) adaptive theory B) restorative theory C) preservation and protection theory D) observational learning theory 2. Gerard has a dream in which he is attacked by group of angry koala bears at a Lady Gaga concert. In his dream, Gerard flails about madly trying to protect himself from the enraged and deadly koala bears. However, Gerard lies still in his bed during the dream. According to your textbook, Gerard’s lack of movement during the dream is most likely due to ________ A) REM paralysis B) REM behavior disorder C) REM rebound D) microsleeps 3. Bonnie frequently dreams that a band of chimps attacks her with steak knives. These dreams cause her to experience a state of panic and cause her to sit up and scream. According to your textbook, Bonnie most likely suffers from what problem? A) night terrors B) REM paralysis C) sleep apnea D) REM rebound 4. Jeremiah has had his corpus callosum severed due to sever epilepsy. Following the surgery, Dr Thaller flashes a picture of a poisonous centipede to Jeremiah’s right visual field. What results can Dr. Thaller expect when asking Jeremiah to describe what he saw? A. he will not be able to name the object, but can identify it by touch with his left hand B. he will not be able to name the object, but can identify it by touch with his right hand C. he will be able to name the object, but cannot identify it by touch with his right hand D. he will be able to name the object, but cannot identify it by touch with his left hand 5. Matthew believes that doing yoga increases hunger (as measured by calorie intake). To test his hypothesis, Matthew assigns participants to two groups, one that participates in a yoga program and another that does not participate in a yoga program, and then measures how many calories they consume each day. In Matthew’s study, calories are the _________. A. independent variable B. dependent variable C. control variableD. confounding variable 6. As Eustace wakes up before sunrise, the room is dark and he has a hard time telling the difference between his red socks and blue socks. The reason that Eustace has a hard time discriminating colors in the dim light is because he is seeing primarily with his __________. A. cones B. rods C. ganglion cells D. blind spot 7. A photon of light strikes a cone in the retina of the eye. The light energy of the photon is converted to an electrical charge via a process known as __________. A. quantitative variation B. sensory adaptation C. perception D. transduction 8. Ted Brain amygdala is damaged by brain-eating parasites. What type of behavior might result from Ted’s brain damage? A. Ted eats a lot and gains a tremendous amount of weight B. Ted loses his appetite and therefore loses a tremendous amount of weight C. Ted can no longer recognize the emotions of other people by observing their facial expressions D. Ted has a decreased sex drive 9. John tells his friend Sally that he thinks that the “mind” shouldn’t actually be considered a thing. Instead, he argued that the mind should be defined as “what the brain does”. According to lecture, what point of view does John best agree with: a) Descartes’ mind/body dualism b) The popular 19th century 3-part view of humans: body, conscious mind, & unconscious mind c) The view of the Shelley’s called fluid materialism d) Titchener’s structuralism 210. According to lecture, which of the following is a way in which Darwin’s theory and research influenced psychology? a) Darwin’s theory implied that performing surgery on unanaesthetized animals was a good idea b) Darwin’s theory convinced psychologists that they should study humans instead of animals c) Darwin’s theory convinced psychologists that individual humans primarily reflected innate dispositions d) Darwin’s theory influenced psychologists to come up with a theory of mind that applied to both animals and humans 11. Vernon thinks that humans, but not animals, can think and feel. According to lecture, Vernon’s belief in regards to this matter is most consistent with ____________.a) Descartes’ mind body dualism b) Titchener’s structuralism c) James’ functionalism d) Watsons’ behaviorism12. Birju was told by his advisor that some of his rats are very smart and some are not so smart, althoughthe bright and dull rats were chosen by flipping a coin. At the end of the study, the “bright” rats performed better than the “dull” rats. This effect was probably caused by Birju’s knowledge of which ratswere supposed to be bright and which rats were supposed to be dull. This result could be due to ______. A. facilitated-communication B. a case study C. subjects-expectancy effects D. observer-expectancy effects 13. Bob travels to Africa and studies the social behavior of chimpanzees in the wild. The data collection method he is using is called a(n) ________. A. interview B. naturalistic observation C. questionnaire D. laboratory observation 14. Katy Perry wants to find out what makes some Montanaites listen to her music. What type of research design can Katy use in order to find out what causes people to listen to her music? A. a correlationB. a descriptive study C. an experiment D. a pseudo-experiment 15. Diana does research on couples’ communication by interviewing couples about the kinds of things they argue about. What form of data collection is Diana using? A. self-report methods B. naturalistic observation C. observational methods D. tests 16. Ben Afleck falls victim to a freak accident involving his Metallica album collection and some kid on a moped. The doctors determine that he needs surgery to be performed on his primary motor cortex or hewill be permanently brain damaged. The doctors need to operate on which of Mr. Afleck’s lobes? A. parietal B. occipital C. temporalD.


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