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UNT PSYC 4620 - Getting at Unconscious Material and Analysis of Freud's Theories

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PSYC 4620 1st Edition Lecture 7Outline of Last Lecture II. Introduction to Defense MechanismsIII.Details about Defense MechanismsIV. Psychosexual Stages of DevelopmentOutline of Current Lecture I. How to Get at Unconscious MaterialII. The Application of Freud’s TheoriesIII. Strengths and Weaknesses of Freud’s TheoriesIV.Dream InterpretationCurrent LectureGetting at Unconscious Material- Id is repressed by the ego- Id is disguised- Analysts have several methods of seeing past the disguise- The 3 main ones:o Dreamso Free Associationo HypnosisDreams- Type of wish fulfillment- Dreams represent the things we desire- Experience dreams of our wished and makes us happy- Manifest vs. Latent contento Manifest content: What the dreamer sees and remembers from their dreamo Latent content: Under the surface, what the dream actually means, unconscious id, what the psychologist is actually interested in- The use of symbols in dreamso Help see the latent contento Symbols in manifest= latento Interpret symbols within dreamso Nightmares= Symbols of things that stress usThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Free Association- Patient says things that come to mind- To bypass the ego is the goal- Not everything is meaningfulHypnosis- Trans-like state: ego can be suspended- Unconscious is directly accessible- Drawbacks:o Many believe it is fakeo Not everyone can be hypnotizedApplicationPsychoanalysis- Primary goal: Bring unconscious into conscious- Secondary goal: Deal with whatever comes up- All things make up getting at unconscious is what makes up psychoanalysis (free association, hypnosis)- Once unconscious material comes up, you have to deal with it, conflicts and trauma occur- Formato Coucho Therapist out of sightImportant Components of Psychoanalysis- Resistance: Resisting therapist bringing stuff up- Translucence: Brings stuff up into therapy and puts it on the therapist- Countertransference: The therapists projects their feelings onto the patientEvaluating the TheoryStrengths of Freud’s Theory- Influential: Father of Psychotherapy- Popularized and prompted key concepts:o Libidoo Egoo Freudian slipso Defense mechanismso UnconsciousCriticisms of Freud’s Theory- Originalityo Not the first person to write about unconsciouso Plagiarism?- Hypotheses untestable- Patient diversity/generalizabilityo White, upper class, dealing with psychological disorders- Freud’s personal biases- Ignores and de-emphasizes key influences on personalityo Experiences beyond childhoodo Societal and cultural influenceso Focus on pathology rather than daily functions and positive aspectsChapter 4: Freudian ResearchDream Interpretation- How do we try to interpret dreams (scientifically)?o Physiological datao Dream journalo Dream recallDreams Aren’t Random- Influences- fears, problems, issues- Children under stress: higher number of


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