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UNT PSYC 4620 - Defense Mechanisms and Psychosexual Stages of Development

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PSYC 4620 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture I. Introduction to Sigmund Freud II. HysteriaIII. Freudian Theory of PersonalityIV. The Structural ModelOutline of Current Lecture II. Introduction to Defense MechanismsIII.Details about Defense MechanismsIV. Psychosexual Stages of DevelopmentCurrent LectureDefense Mechanisms- Neurotic anxiety: Feelings of anxiety sparked by the sense that unconscious thoughts aregoing to leak into conscious- The ego deals with neurotic anxiety with defense mechanismso Denialo Repressiono Regressiono Displacemento Projectiono Reaction Formationo Intellectualizationo Rationalizationo SublimationDenial- Refuse to accept the truth- Temporarily beneficial- Projects feelings from failures- Does not work in the long run- Ex: Someone is arrested multiple times for DUI but does not think they have an alcohol problemThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.Repression- Forget something bad- Short term good- Long run: Takes up a lot of psychological energy and comes back to haunt you- Ex: You witness your mom’s tragic death but do not remember itRegression- Revert to an earlier developmental stage- Comes back to bite you in the long run- Happens under stress- Self-destructive- Ex: You and your mom get into a fight so you go to your room, pout, scream and cryDisplacement- Transfer feelings to someone else- This is what childhood bullies often do- Always negative feelings- Ex: You get yelled at by your boss all day, and then come home and yell at your spouseProjection- “Oh crap they know”- Feel psychic pain- You attribute your own negative thoughts to someone else- Ex: You get mad at your roommate but yell at her for being mad at youReaction Formation- Express opposite of what you feel because what you feel is too disturbing to your unconscious- Ex: You say you’re not angry but you really areIntellectualization- Think away the feelings- Not the same as denial- Ex: You are diagnosed with a terminal illness and try to learn everything you can about the illness in order to distract yourself and distance yourself from the feelingsRationalization- Explain it away after you messed up- Justify- Ex: You fail your exam and blame it on the professor’s poor teaching habits rather than your lack of studyingSublimation- Long term intellectualization- Cognitively transform emotions that are conflicting for you into something else- You feel a lot of rage and put it into boxingPsychosexual Stages of Development- Adult personalities come from childhood development- Specific challenged at each stage- Fixation: Psychic energy tied up at the stage of developmentThe Stages- Each stage has erogenous zones, a task, a fixation, and a consequence of having a fixation- Oral Stageo First 18 months of lifeo Zones: Mouth, lips, tongueo Task: Weaning off of the mother’s breast milk or a bottleo Fixation: Not enough nourishment, trouble feeding, trouble weaningo Consequence: Adult forms an oral personality and oral satisfaction is needed (smoking, biting nails)- Anal Stageo !8 months to 3 yearso Zone: Anal regiono Task: Toilet trainingo Fixation: Trouble toilet trainingo Consequence: Develop anal personality, a need to have rigid control over situations- Phallic stageo 3 years to 6 yearso Zones: penis and clitoriso Task: Resolve Oedipus/Electra Complex (The notion that all children have a sexualdesire for their opposite sex parent, and hold anger toward their same-sex parent)o Repression of the desire: Identify with same sex parent, adopt values from same sex parent (e.g. a boy will grow interested in “becoming a man,” tools, cars, sports)o Fixation: Failure to repress Oedipus/Electra conflicto Consequence: Overly aggressive toward people of the same sex as an adult- Latency Stageo 6 years to pubertyo Sexual feelings are in hibernationo No tasks or fixations- Genital Stageo Puberty and ono Zone: Adult genital regionso Task: Develop normal sexual functioningo Fixation: None at this stage but other problems show up from past stage fixationso Consequence: Abnormal sexual


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